Best Places visit In Shiraz
Located in central Iran, the city of Shiraz is one of the largest and most populated cities in Iran and definitely the most important city at the center of the Fars province. This favorable city is situated at a height of 1486 meters above sea level and located adjacent to the Zagros mountainous district. The name “Shiraz” has been widely explored in the Achaemenid inscriptions found in Persepolis.
Shiraz is known to be the most significant tourism center, the 6th most populated city, the cultural capital of the nation, the 2nd literary city in the entire world and the 3rd religious city in Iran. In addition, it hosts the 3rd holiest shrine of Iran and is nicknamed as the city of poetry, wine and flowers. The tombs of many world-famous poets such as Hafez and Sa’adi are found in Shiraz which holds a major part of Iran’s ancient historical, cultural, religious & natural attractions in its heart.
Vakil Bazaar is the most significant Bazaar in Shiraz which is located in the historical heart of the city. It is widely believed that the market was initially set up by the Buwayhids in the 11th century AD, and was later completed by the Atabak inhabitants of Fars and then renamed after Karim Khan-e Zand in the 18th century. The Bazaar features aesthetic courtyards, caravan sarays, bathing houses, and old stores which are presumably the best places in Shiraz to buy all sorts of Persian art works including rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques. Similar to other Bazaars in the Middle East, there are a number of mosques & Imamzadehs (tombs related to the sons of Imams) constructed near or behind the Bazaar.
Saray-e Moshir is yet another traditional Bazaar in the city. It was built over 250 years ago by the order of a government general of Fars called Mirza Abolhassan MoshirolMolk. It was made as a bazaar in the initial days of its construction and then, as time passed, its rich history began. It has also served the function of a museum, a traditional restaurant and also a tea-serving center. After the Iranian revolution of 1979, it was closed for some years. Later, it began being used as a place for making handcrafts and artistic merchandise.
The Vakil Bath is an ancient public bath that was a part of the royal area constructed during the rule of Karim Khan-e Zand. The complex also includes the Arg of Karim Khan, the Vakil Bazaar, the Vakil Mosque and numerous other administrative buildings. This bath is registered by the number 917 on the list of “National Works in Iran”.
The Vakil Mosque is yet another beautiful mosque, even though it is now no longer in use. This mosque is rightfully famous for the 48 columns that support the prayer hall. The tile work of the entrance Ivan and awestrucking and the inner courtyard is fascinating with its many alcoves and porches.
There are a number of other historic mosques located in Shiraz. The Nasir al-Molk Mosque which is also known as the Pink Mosque is another example. The word pink refers to the usage of a great number of pink tiles in its interior design. Constructed during the Qajar dynasty it is situated close to the Shah Cheragh Mosque. The mosque features the use of extensive colored glass in its facade, and presents other traditional elements such as the Panj (5) Kaseh design.
If you’re into historical dwellings that are merged with natural beauty, you may also want to pay the “Ghavam House” a visit. This magnificent traditional house, which is also referred to as the “Narenjestan-e Ghavam” is a historical house that is in walking distance from the Khan Madrassa – a historical school you might want to explore. The house was built between 1879 and 1886 by Mirza Ibrahim Khan. The Ghavam Family were merchants who originally came the city of Ghazvin. But after, they became active in the government & in political affairs during the Zand dynasty, also followed by the Qajar, and Pahlavi dynasty. The “Ghavam Narenjestan” displays the elegance and luxury that was common with upper-class families during the 19th century. The splendid paintings that are found on the low ceilings of the house are inspired by Victorian Era Europe. The house porch is the key feature of the house, which overlooks a small garden that was designed with fountains, date palms trees, and flourishing flowering plants.
A visit to Shiraz, or indeed Iran, would be meaningless without seeing the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site – registered in 1979 – called Takht-e Jamshid which also goes by the name of “Persepolis”. This entire site was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire and is located approximately 60 km northeast of the city. The earliest remains of this wondrous site date back to 515 BC. It purely exemplifies the architecture of the Achaemenid era.
Another place you should not miss is Pasargadae. This was the chosen as capital of the Achaemenid Empire under the rule of Cyrus the Great (559 – 530 BCE) who actually ordered its construction. Today it is considered to be an archaeological site and another one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran. It is situated approximately 90 km northeast of the city of Shiraz. A tomb, made entirely of limestone, which is built here is believed to be that of Cyrus the Great.
If you admire ancient and influential characters, then Shiraz is the place for you! Why not visit the Sa’diyeh?! Sa’di was a keen traveler and a famous Gnostic. He is a well-known poet of the 14th century. The present standing building was constructed in 1942 by the Association for National Arts and Sa’di’s tomb (the mausoleum of Sa’di or Sa’diyeh) was put in an octagonal mausoleum under a high dome with eye-catching tile works.