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Iran tour packages from India

Iran tour packages from India


Pumps are towers constructed for ventilation on roofs of houses. The wind turbines are also installed above the water reservoirs and openings of the mines for ventilation. In homes, the cool air from the winder, which is the primary type of air conditioning, is sent to the ground floor rooms or basements. Windbreaks are elements and symbols of Iranian architecture, but today they are used in many countries of the Middle East. It is not known exactly what the brawlers are from the manifestations and symbols of Iranian civilization. The first wind turbine was built in Iran Tour Packages. The use of wind turbines has been popular since ancient times in Iran. Is. Wind turbines have been designed in various forms in the central and southern cities of Iran, each of which is designed and implemented in terms of height and wind direction.

Wind structure:

The winder is usually rectangular and has four holes in its four walls. Inside the winding with blades and walls made of clay or wood and clay, it is divided into several sections.

Local architects make a windproof cavity from the roof of the house, overlooking a small chamber that is dedicated for winding, with bricks or bricks, with a rectangular trough to reach a certain height. Then on top of these teeth, the four walls are two sticks in the form of “X”. So that the two sides of each tree were placed in two angles, then the walls of the east, west, and south of the winding were raised by two to five and two tenths of a meter. Then in the north, which is facing the Isfahani, with a half-brick or half-width brick at a width of six centimeters, they move the tenor to a certain height. The height of the blades is 40 cm taller than the other walls.

Wind turbines in buildings with little access to winds can put winds over the roof into a building (cooling) in dense coniferous buildings with short-term access to buildings, because the buildings are blocking access to buildings behind the wind.

Wind up function:

The first wind turbines featured in Kerman and Yazd. The winding system works in such a way that it draws out the air outside the house, and with the blue plumbing inside it, it cools and light the air and leads to the house. The largest wind turbine of the Bargzg market in Kerman, the Dolatabad of Dolatabad, Yazd, Sirjan wind turbine, and Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Qeshm and Sistan are among the most spectacular wind turbines in Iran.

Windbreaker and Iran:

It is not known exactly which of the manifestations and symbols of Iranian civilization is known. The first wind turbine in which city of Iran was made, but the medieval travel writers are more famous than wind turbines in desert cities such as Yazd, Gonabad and Tabas, Kerman, Bam and Zahedan. And dome houses are undoubtedly the symbols of Iranian civilization.

The historic city of Yazd is famous for wind turbines and has the highest number of wind farms than other central cities of Iran. In this city, the world’s tallest wind turbine, the Dolatabad Gardens, is 33.8 meters high. Wind turbines from Kerman and Kashan, Zabul and Bandar-e-Laft and Bandar-e-Lengeh and Bandar Abbas in Hormozgan are considered as well-known wind turbines in Iran.

Pump type and architecture:

Iran’s wind turbines are generally divided into three categories:

1. Ardakani swarmers

2. Kermani Successors

3. The Yazdi Shadowgirls

1. Wind turbine Ardakani: This type of wind turbine is more visible in the Ardakan region and its construction is relatively simple and economically viable compared to other types of wind turbines. For this reason, it is possible to build a vacuum for each room.

2. Kermani windmills: The Kermani windmill, which is simple and jealous, is dedicated to low and middle class homes. The construction of this kind of winder comes at the expense of every masonry and its major materials are mostly mud and mud. The work of this winder is somewhat more precise and more ideal than wind turbine. Because the wind pressure in one direction causes the hot air to be depleted on the other side. In addition, the winding of most of the water cisterns is also made as a kermnym winding, so that on one side, the air will reach the water level and the hot air will go out on the other side.

3. Wind turbine Yazdi: Wind turbine, which is larger than other wind turbines, is usually made of four-way, and in this way, this kind of winder is also called “four-way winding” in some areas. Of course, its architecture is more complex and more complex than other winders, and its height is usually high.

The winders are usually one-way, four-way or eight-sided. In Yazd, all wind turbines are elevated, four-way or eight-sided. But vice versa, in the city of Meybod, which is 50 kilometers west of Yazd city, the wind turbines are short and one-sided. This is due to the fact that in the meadows, desert winds, along with dust from the desert side, and residents have to build their own wind turbines behind this wind and in the wind direction. But in Yazd, because between the two mountain ranges, the winds of the desert are less streaming, and it is possible to construct polygonal heats.

Wind turbine architecture:

The winders are usually one-way, four-way or eight-sided. In Yazd, all wind turbines are elevated, four-way or eight-sided. But vice versa, in the city of Meybod, which is 50 kilometers west of Yazd city, the wind turbines are short and one-sided. This is due to the fact that in the meadows, desert winds, along with dust from the desert side, and residents have to build their own wind turbines behind this wind and in the wind direction. But in Yazd, because between the two mountain ranges, the winds of the desert are less streaming, and it is possible to construct polygonal heats.

Wind turbine:

The wind-up function is that it takes the ideal wind and directs it into the main rooms of the building, water storage, or storage room. In some deserted mosques, such as the old Ardakan mosque and the Firoozabad mosque in Yazd province, the winding valve is located just above the altar. In this way, the desirable wind enters the different parts of the building and makes it air and cool.

Some of the winders carry out this action either through air displacement or by evaporation. The cooling system of the Dolatabad Gardens is through the second method, so that the air flow after entering the building passes from a small stone pond and the fountain, and then from there to other rooms, the room below the winding that the pond and the fountain in it It is located in the form of an octagonal oval and there are several doors there. Whenever necessary to cool a room, open the vent between that room and vestibule.

Other methods have also been used to enhance the cooling performance of the winding and the use of evaporative cooling. For example, there is a windfall in the city of Bam, which is about 50 meters away from the building, and is associated with an underground channel. At the top of this canal is a garden. After irrigation of the garden, its moisture penetrates the walls of the communication channel and cools the breeze of wind blowing from the winding to the building. In some cases, on the mouth of the winding, the mat, the sophal or thrush bushes, and sprinkled on it, thereby increasing the moisture and air flow of the air. Before the emergence of an electric fridge, in many homes, they looked at food in the underfloor, to keep it cool and to become rotten later.

Physical function of winding:

There are two basic types of performance in the case of wind turbines: a. The operation is based on the principle of pulling up the openings and the suction of the openings to the wind

The wind turbine principle is based on the principle that wind blowing is used to draw good air into the building and its force reaction, ie, suction, is used to drive hot and contaminated air. It may not be necessary for the explanation to be that when the wind hits the barrier or the wall of the internal blade, the collision will be forced to land, but the point is that the other winding slits that come back in the direction of wind blowing the air and the heat into the wind and The work of the fan and the sucker.

This kind of winding performance is actually due to the principle that when the wind hits the bodies, due to the higher air density in the face facing the wind, in this case there is a positive pressure and in the other side we will press negative. Had Therefore, if there is an opening in the sides of the wind movement, we will see a positive pressure to negative pressure. In the wind turbines, according to the same principle, the crater inflates into the air and enters the porch, and the air inside the porch is pulled out of the wind by the negative pressure created at the back.

In some cases, by passing wind blowing from the water and the houses, and with regard to surface evaporation, they also provide the necessary moisture. In areas like Egypt and India, this is done by placing a jug of water in front of the wind.

B. Action Based on Temperature Difference:

But what seems to be less fancier in the field seems to be. Wind turbine is operated based on temperature difference. In fact, when there is no tangent to the wind, the windpipe operates on the same principle.

On the day, due to sunlight, the southern side of the inflatable air on the south side of the windpipe gets warm and goes up. This air is compensated by air inside the porch that is raised up, and in fact a kind of partial vacuum is created inside the porch that enters the cool air inside the courtyard. Similarly, the air in the northern crater is also pulled down.

In the night, the air cools out and moves downwards. This air is warmed up and rising due to the heat stored in the walls and this cycle continues until the temperature of the walls and the air is exterior. But normally, before reaching this situation, the night is over and again the winding works as described above.

Generally, in most cases, wind-ups operate in the state of the situations described. That is, it acts on the basis of suction and stretching and also due to temperature difference.

Wind turbine:

One of the other characteristics of the winding can be called the effect of the chimney. When the wind does not flow, the warm air climbs inside the building and is transferred through the winding to the outside of the building, and thus an air flow continues inside the building, although its intensity is less than the current when the wind flows in the outside environment Be ?? Most wind-driven windmills have scaffolds that connect the two sides of the winding span and the ends of the screws are out of the winding body. These screws are designed to increase the strength and resistance of the winding against the pressure of the wind, and work in the form of tensile and do not allow the inner blades and the body to be separated from each other. The fact that the ends of these woods do not take away is that at the time of the repair and repair of the winding, they attach scaffolds to these woods and carry out necessary repairs on the scaffolding.

Pumper problems and ways to prevent it:

One of the problems with winding is that, despite all the measures, some dust is added to the space inside. In addition, birds, insect pests and insects enter the space through the winding duct. It is also not possible to fully control the amount of air flow and the amount of humidity and cooling.

Wind turbines for the direction of:

One-way winding:

The windings are of several types in terms of exterior shape. The simplest type of winding is a facet and is very small and tidy over a concealer, such as a roof heater hole. In this way, to avoid the collision of winds and storms, the windpipe will only be in the direction of cool winds and pleasant niches. Other fronts They close it. In some cases, side-by-side windings create severe and annoying winds, and in fact, the wind turbine performs air conditioning and air discharge. Its dimensions are smaller than other smaller types and the shape is more basic. This diagonal path (seen above the roof) after connecting to the vertical channel in the wall and the window outlet inside the building, such as a heater, is located in a room overstress and runs the furnace. This sample is most commonly found in Sistan and parts of Bam.

Two-way winding:

Two-sided type with two faces facing each other, with narrow, unobstructed windows and inside the building, seen in one or two holes in the niche, this sample is seen in Sirjan and rarely seen in Kerman.

Three-way winding:

There are three faces and two types, three faces connected and three faces separated (teardrop). In this sample one can use one or two or three fronts. Of course, the use of this type of windrow is rare.

Four-way winding:

Four-way winders are made in full and more detailed form than other types, and usually are divided into several sections of it with bricks or chalk pieces or pieces of plaster, and some of the specimens below the duct channel are large enough And make the weather dry and dusty after the collision with the water by absorbing the cool humidity and dust, and the air in the room (house dock) was very pleasant in the summer heat. In areas where it was not possible to create a pool house on the ground floor, the aqueducts flowed underground, and the outflow of the winding channel continued along this stream of water. These spaces (cold waters) have been the home of gathering in the afternoon of the summer.

Multi-directional winding:

This sample is located in Yazd, Kerman and Bushehr and in Yazd, and some parts of the center of Iran are multifaceted (usually octal and sometimes even circular), the fifth type of wind turbines.

Leopard capillary

The winder is the sixth type winder, which instead of the outer cubic space, the manufacturer has used several bending tubes (knee-like) for the exterior of the winding, but the channels and internal parts are like multi-faceted ones. This type of winder is only in Sirjan has been seen. Its visor has some special features and ultimately it is made with bricks or plaster.

Wind Pump Display:

The display of wind-ups has its own characteristics and ultimately it is made of bricks or plaster finishes. Here it is necessary to have a double winding, a windproof, abrasive and windproof damper. In Shiraz, there are more and more windbreakers, such as the Karim Khan Zand Organ Dam and Warehouse.

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Winding location:

The use of wind turbines is commonly used in two types of buildings: water cisterns and houses.


In urban water cisterns, depending on the direction of the wind blowing, a number of winders, varying in numbers from up to seven, are used. In this case, each winder with a stroke and suction counter is used. In water storage depots, a single-sided or double-sided winder is typically used. The location of these winders is suitable for storing water around the water and facing the wind.

houses :

In the category of houses and location of the winders, we will investigate the winding of houses in the city of Yazd. Generally, the wind turbines determine the location of wind turbines in relation to the summer position, which is why most of the wind turbines in the city of Yazd are located on the south side of buildings and on the summer porch. Of course, exceptional cases such as the house of the Imamzadeh of Yazd can be found in the northern side of the house due to the summer and winter weathering of the windfall floors. Most of these wind-ups are tall four-way windings.

The most unique winder:

Pulling the Garden of Dolatabad in Yazd, eight sides of the Garden of Dolatabad, Yazd:

Pulvergar Dolatabad Garden Yazd is 33 meters high and the world’s tallest windmill. The 8-way winder of this high-rise garden is unique in the world. Some experts believe that the buildings in Yazd represent the social identity of their owners in the past; this is determined by the height and type of their decoration.

Borehole Boring Boring Houses in Kashan

Wind turbine on three floors and four sides of Sadri garden (Namir) Taft

Sidrjan winding windmill

Two-story windproof and eight-sided Amir Garden in Tabas

Two-floor and four-way winding house Aghazadeh in Abarkuh

Two-story winding with circular cross section in Colonel Abad’s Chehel Soton Palace

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Iran tour packages from India 2019 & 2020 | persiapassenger