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Arak four-hour bathroom museum
The fourteenth bathroom museum is located in the historic city of Arak. Courses have a great role in introducing the culture, customs, and lifestyle of our ancestors. There are 6 ethnographic museums in the central province, the oldest of which is the Arak Fourth Museum. The Museum of Fine Arts and Hassanpour HandicraftMuseum are among other museums in the city of Arak. The historic or treasury of the four seasons of Arak is one of the most notable aspects of Iran Tour Packages art architecture in Markazi province, which has been registered on the national monuments list. Four seasons During the Qajar era, Haj Mohammad Ebrahim built Khansari and now it has become a treasure. This bathroom is made up of garbage, cribs (dressing rooms), various cellars, women’s baths, men’s and religious minorities. The bathroom is decorated with tiles Beautiful and colorful Four Seasons of the Year – Four Seasons.
The four-storey Arak Museum is one of the most beautiful architectural and tile works of Iran in recent centuries. It is one of the unique examples of Iranian architecture due to its unique decorations. It was quoted about the motivation behind the construction of the bathroom, which had enjoyed a good economic prosperity due to the relative calm of Naseri, Sultanabad or Arak, and the local rulers, especially the brother of Amir Kabir (Mirza Hassan Khan), Mostofali Mommak and his representatives, were happy with the people and the people. This led to the emigration of 85 Jewish households from Syrian and surrounding villages to Sultanabad (Arak).
They settled on the eastern side of Mohseni Street in the northeast. The group enjoyed facilities and amenities, but they did not have a bath. The elders of minorities went to the authorities and the authorities to solve the problem. Hajj Mohammad Ebrahim Khansari, the elders of that day, tried to solve this problem in order to create a bathtub that would be easy for all people and minorities to follow religiously. He ordered to make a bath in front of his personal castle. Thus, after the formation of the city of Arak, the building was built about 100 years ago by Mohammad Ibrahim Khansari during the rule of Ahmad Shah Qajar. This building was constructed between 1292 and 1294 and lasted for about 38 months. This bath is the only bath in the country, in which there is a separate section for religious minorities.
This valuable work was registered on 1339/1/356 on the national monuments list and reopened as an archeology and anthropology museum in ARAK in 1994 after the completion of the repair and restoration, and is now attracting many art historians and tourists.
title of the name of the four parts is taken from the tiles in four directions of the bath in the men’s backpack section, which is depicted according to the different conditions of the seasons (four seasons). On these glazed tiles, a picture of natural landscapes, a hunting ground, and so on.
The location of the museum is
located on the eastern side of the mosque Beheshti Street on the eastern side of the Arak mosque. There are four in total, with two ways through the main street of Shahid Beheshti and two other ways through the municipality in the north and the Haj Mohammad Ebrahim mosque in the south They have access to the bathroom.
Building Architecture Features
The four-storey bathhouse in Arak is about 1600 square meters and consists of four separate sections: men’s, women’s, special baths of religious minorities and private baths, and is the largest bath in Iran. Bath water is supplied from the running water of Qanat, and in terms of water supply As well as maintaining heat and heat, the floor of the bathroom is about 3 to 5.3 meters below the lower floor, which is the difference in surface to prevent the temperature change in the bath and the temperature is proportional, as well as the balance between the cooling air and the heat so that individuals When entering and leaving, there is no sudden change in the air, it is created The entrance corridor, Srbynh Men, women and minorities, public and private greenhouse, communication Hshtyhay, treasure, tuna, cistern and other related departments have been formed.
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The bulk of the decoration in this bathroom is made up of a seven-tile tile, a mosaic tile and a tile that is very beautifully and artistically executed and has beautiful human, animal and plant motifs with mosaic and mosaic tiles and fiches with aesthetic designs and designs and motifs. Geometric and battalion. These motifs include ivy, flowers, bushes, buds, leaves and leaflets, and human designs are composed of soldiers with garments of the Qajar era. The colors used in the tiles are more yellow, azure, turquoise, white, green, gray, red and orange. The baths are also covered with black stones, lime mortar and sauerkraut. The crystalline ponds are located on the bottom of the Sarbina, made of black stone, and used in order to spit those who came out of the hot bath.
The Sarbinha has four platforms, each of which is on the one side to the gastronomic and on the other side and with arched stairs to the street. A copper sheet integrated into the main floor of the main floor of the hot water and underneath it is also a grass bath. Gilchon was burned with firewood and bushes, and hot and cold water was brought to all parts of the bathroom, according to the rules of the containers, by clay tinctures. The large reservoirs of water storage, gluten and fuel depots in the middle of the building have made it easy for all the baths to use it.
The irregular octagonal planet has four sides and the other four sides are smaller. The depth of the seventh meter is made using black stone and lime mortar and the diameter of the main walls from the ground to the ceiling is between 50 and 80 centimeters. The bathroom is divided into eight portico, a porch and dressing room in the form of a symphony and fitted in length, width and height. It is decorated with tiles of seven colors with a variety of designs, and all its interior surfaces are tiled with a slalom and tile designs. Is embellished. The main dome of Saberine is located on the main eight columns, and these columns are also tiled and highly polished. Other features of Sarbineh’s architecture, in addition to its mirroring and typography, are tiled and molded tiles, and the entire surface of the manhole is decorated with the same tiles.
Women’s Saree is
one of the most beautiful parts of the bathroom, the women’s backyard, whose dome is built without a pillar, and this is architecturally remarkable in light of the little features of that era. The women’s bath and the religious or private affairs sector have a female conglomeration, but it has a private and public sector that can be said to be unsurpassed. The ceiling of all bathrooms has a roof with a “dome dome” made with bricks, mortar, gypsum and lime.
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Now about 16,000 square meters of the building, about 5,000 meters of it, includes men’s and hinged cabinets, a dressing room and a vestibule between the gastronomy and the dressing room, is dedicated to the museum, and very important objects belong to different periods before and after Islam. The types of stencils, bowls, jars, pillows, pillows, sculptures, pylons and pelvis, stones, and agricultural and defense tools are kept at this museum. The historic and valuable altar of the mosque of Saveh, which is one of the unique architectural works of the Seljuk period, is kept in this place.
At the present time, different ancient objects from the pre-Islamic and post-Islamic periods, such as coins of various historical periods, Qajar periodicals, books and manuscripts, copper and iron dishes, crockery, spinning implements, old bath furnishings, dozens of anthropology figurines In this bathroom is kept. Objects derived from the excavations of the Zulfabad Farahan area have also been featured in this museum.
The archeological section
in this section, most of which has been created in masculine, tone and vestibule wares, has featured works such as pottery, glassware, bronze works of the first millennium BC, historical coins, and so on.
The anthropology section of
this section is mostly made up of men’s and women’s sermons, in which the customs of various ceremonies, traditional coffins, and bath accessories are displayed in the past.