Iran Tourism, Amol city is located in the center of Mazandaran province and is bounded on the north by Mahmoudabad city, on the east by Babol city, on the northeast by Babolsar city, on the west by Noor city and on the south by Tehran province.
The city has a population of 4.3 (Amol city of 4.4 people) and 2 square kilometers of land with two cities of Amol and Rineh and three central parts, Larijan and Daboodasht.
Amol, located in the plain of Mazandaran and Haraz River, at an elevation of 2 meters 2 minutes east longitude and 2 degrees north latitude 2 kilometers west of Sari, central province, 2 kilometers south of the Caspian Sea and Six kilometers north of Alborz Mountains and 2 kilometers northeast of Tehran.
The ancient city of Amol, which comes from the word “Amui” alongside Amui, writes in a brief pamphlet about the city of Amol: The Great Land and Abadan emigrated from their homeland and settled along the Haraz River. So that the people could build the city on the west side of the river and put the name of the tribe and the people of Hood on that city. Over time, it has evolved into: Amorite, Amo, Amol. ”
According to historical documents, the city was at least from the Sassanid period to the Mughal period of the capital of Mazandaran and was the official capital of Iran in three dynasties: the Alavian, the Marashian, the Parthian; The strategic location of the city of Amol and the Haraz River has facilitated the development of the agricultural, commercial, industrial and tourism sectors of the region in recent years. Its main agricultural products are rice, flowers and plants, oilseed rape, vegetables and forage.
The city of Amol is one of the most ancient cities in Iran in Mazandaran province.Bonn June: “From the time of King Fereydoun to the time of Bahram Gore Amol was the capital of the inhabited world.” Hamdollah Mostofi attributes the city’s building to Tahmores King Peshdadi. And beautiful in the heart of the north of the country. Ferdowsi from Amol said: From Amol crossing the river to the river, it leaked through Namur. From Amol all servants could reach Sari Worshipers could reach the great city of Sari and Amol reached Gorgan or the narrator said: Amol City of the Seven Colors of All Poets, Mystics, and Men of War Iran’s Elders and Elders of Shahr-e Heydar Heydar Fakhri Razi and Ibn Jarir
In the history of Tabaristan, Ibn al-Esfandiar Kateb (author of AH) stated: “It is in the ancient deeds that the meaning of the word Amol is in the sense of Tabari. A guidebook to the north by Farrokh Afari in Amol’s History states: Khosrow Parviz developed Amol. Since then, the city has long been the seat of government and capital of the local governors of Mazandaran
Maziar ordered the city’s representative, Mohammed Ibn Musa, to besiege the city for six months, eventually conquering the city and ordering its walls to be demolished, but he later regretted it. A term in the Maslaq and Mamluk book states: “And of all the silk tabernacles, especially Amol,” Ibn Huql wrote: “Amol was larger and much more populous than Qazvin”.
Ibn Esfandiar (AH) had introduced Amol as the world market of his day. Ibn Rawi in his book calls Amol bigger than Isfahan and Qazvin. Some historians and geographers have attributed Amol’s history to the Pishdadian and Kiai period and attributed Amol’s work to the Medes. It is possible that the people of Amol converted to Islam during the reign of Mehdi Khalifa of Abbas and then built Islamic monuments there. Was. In the early seventh century, Hussam al-Din Ardashir brought centrality to Sari and established his palace there.
In Year 6 AH. The emir Timur Gurkani looted Amol and Sari and ordered the massacre of their inhabitants and leveled three important castles, including the Mahan Ser 2. Amol was then devastated. New Amol is located near the north of Old Amol. Ibn Esfandiar Amoli, author of the Tabarestan History Book, named the city of Amol from the legendary girl named Amela, who was the daughter of one of the dynasty emirates and the wife of Firoozah ruler Balkh.
In the old city of Amol, Amol was large and populous. Abolfazl Beihaghi, in his history book Massoud Ghaznavi’s chapter with his troops going to Amol, describes the city as: “And Amir hurried and reached Amol on the sixth day of Jamadi al-Awliyyah, and over 500,000 men had gone out; Clean and good-looking people, and I never saw them without the shutters or the Tuzi or the tester or the string … and they said this was a habit …
and I saw the good city I had before the army was built, all the shops open and the people happy » Fifth Century, with the efforts of Khawaja Nizam al-Mulk al-Tusi, the minister of Kardashian, and with Kiaast Seljuks and the owner of the famous book of politics ( Siram al-Muluk), a school founded by modern universities called Nizamiyah, was established in the major cities of the world that day, including Baghdad, Damascus, Balkh, Neyshabur, and Bukhara. It’s called Seven Cities, and Herodotus says:
Ebrahim Khawas, Maid Balla Amoli, Mohammad Mohammad Amoli, Seyed Mohammad Ali Daei al-Islam, Sufi Mazandarani, Mohammad Taghi Daneshpouh, Mohammad bin Jarir bin Rostam Tabari, Ahmad Moshir al-Saltanah, Abdolhossein Nawaei, Abdullah Ahmadieh, Mohamadieh ali, Haleem ali Abbas Abbas Butcher Amoli, Khalil Ibn Bakr Amoli, Ali Eqbal, Sherwin Bin Marzban, Ibn Hindu, Uliullah Allah Amoli, Ezzeddine Amoli, Emadeddin Abou Jafar Tabari, Ismail Khajui, Mohammad Sharif Almaa Mazandarani, Sayed Razi Larijani, Sayyid Razi Larijani, Razi, Farhang Sharif, Ali Ali Kenny Ibn Farrokhan Tabari, Mohammed bin A Web Tabari, Abu Sahl Bijan Oregano, sage and several prominent people of the region and it is worth mentioning that the famous Amul Mfakhyr the Iranian capital in the world.
Culture and ceremonies
From the point of view of poetry, literature, art, calligraphy, history, politics, jurisprudence, commentary and philosophy, many have come from this city. Amol has a very ancient Aryan culture and civilization, and because of its ancient and ancient civilization, and because of its interest in religion and religion, a very magnificent religious ceremony is held in this ancient land, after its people converted to Islam. Some of the ancient rituals, depending on the culture of different people of Mazandaran, are intertwined with Islamic rituals and thus the way it is performed in each village differs from the other.
Thirmasize Shaw or Tyrgan One of the celebrations of the Persian month of July is July 13th. Some celebrate the holiday on other days, including July 10, which Iranian scholars believe is false. The annual festival is held in Mount Damavand, Amol, and is held annually by Iranian Zoroastrians in most cities in the world and Iran.
One of the most remarkable yet unique rituals of Mazandaran, which is also a national celebration, is the waterfront ceremony of the village of Esq on the Haraz road. This ancient, and ancient, custom is done on one of the Fridays from 1 May to 15 May each year when the last winter snow melts in the area. The time for the ceremony is already publicly announced by local elders who are in charge of guiding people and youth. On a specific day, all the men in the area will go out for breakfast at the Damavand Mountains after having breakfast, picking up noon and fast food and fruit and tea in the village.
According to the tradition, early in the morning all men should leave the village and no longer have the right to return home. With the departure of the men, all the affairs of the village are now in the hands of the local women. Women gather in community mosques and rural areas to implement programs such as: The bride and groom, the king and the minister, play stones, and local entertainment and entertainment, preventing any man from entering the village.
Unless a man hears women warnings and enters the village, he is punished severely with a stick. The men of the village, after arriving at Worf Chal’s place, attempt to remove the snow from the mountain, and each with as much snow as possible. He pours winter into a big well.
According to residents of the village of Esk, the well was dug by a man named Seyed Hassan Wali, and his tomb is in the village of Niyak, a place of pilgrimage to the area. As the wells are covered with snow, men spend lunch, tea and fruit around the well. Ceremonies, village men return to the village after prayers, prayers, and thanksgiving. The wolfhole ceremony or the snow well is rooted in fighting dehydration for travelers and livestock in the summer.
The Lucho ship is one of the local vessels in the province of Mazandaran and used to be wedded in the past. Today, in some parts of the province, the ship is operated annually in the summer after weeding, when the villagers work. In other times, such as religious and national celebrations, the Lucho is held and the prize is won by a cow bought by locals.
Two experienced wrestlers are selected as referees in the match. Opposing an opponent, grabbing a finger, punching and hitting a shoulder and grabbing an ear is a mistake. The wrestler who defeats all opponents in these two weeks wins the race. During the race, Dahl will also play to give the race more excitement.
Moon in May
During the year of delivery, family members sit around a table or similar to the Haft-Sine, delicately decorated with a lady’s home, and wait for the New Year while the father of the family prays. In the past, communication facilities such as radio and television were not announced by shooting or telling the New Year.
After New Year’s Eve, someone (usually kids) selected as a mummy enters the house with a Quran, a mirror, a water, a branch, and young green branches. It leaves seven trays and leaves freshly green and blossomed (usually from a tomato tree) with the intention of being a lush and happy year for the family, hanging out in the living room or on the ledge. On this day, the mother-in-law cooks Eid, vegetable pilaf with chicken or meat. In addition, some take food for charity and distribute it to the public.
The players are divided into two groups. They require two pieces of wood or cask and a large stick or mark. The first group is to put a small stick on a trench, then toss it under the small stick with a large stick and throw it upwards. The longer each player goes, the more the winner wins. The losers must ride the winners.
Science and Palmistry
The science of palm trees and palm trees is one of the oldest Iranian and Mazandaran traditions that take place every year in all areas of Mazandaran and Amol.
Nowruz readers usually come to the villages fifteen days before the arrival of Eid al-Adha and read the poems in honor of the local imams and singers, celebrating the New Year’s Eve. Nowruz singers have a few people sing one song, one a songwriter, and the other one who is called a bagpipe, goes to people’s homes and reads: Wind Baharoon Bimbo / Nowruz King Bimbo / Preach to friends / Flowers Welcome to Glaston / Spring came Spring came / Ali came with Zulfikar, / Nowruzan Nowruz / Happy New Year. The homeowner welcomes them with money, sweets, walnuts, eggs and cash.
Other ceremonies include Imam Hussein’s donations, Abolfazl tablecloths, overnight stays, the Dunedin secretariat, Valima, the intercity ceremony.
The music of Amol region was studied in the central parts of north of Iran, so almost all the songs in the central part of north of Iran are used in this area, the most famous of which are Najwa and Amiri Khani and Gohar Seri and Mazandaran of Blood and Taliban. Talba, Amiri, and Lare are poems that are read by the burner and have a special effect on the listener.
Nowruz is a genuine tradition that was first performed before Islam in Amol and later spread to other parts of Mazandaran and Iran and after Islam. These poems of this new generation are intertwined with the eulogy of the Imams The terms of the new forms.
Abdominal fillets, cutlets, kettles, amulets, sausage plum, sour chicken stew, duckling, greens, eschaton, spinach pate are the most important local and national Amol dishes.
Carpets, mosaic, ceramics, pottery, caraway, pickles, rice and olives, fish, walnuts, cherries and jams and local jams and flowers and local dishes are among the most important souvenirs of Amol. International cuisine as well as natural honey From Damavand and Lar peaks, apples, Portugal, kiwi, walnuts, cherries for export and breadcrumbs, sweets such as toothpaste, cannabis, bridal stalk, breadcrumbs are Amol souvenirs.
Geolocation of Amol
Amol city located on the plain of Mazandaran and along the river Haraz, at a height of 2 meters above sea level at 2 degrees 5 minutes east of high and 2 degrees 5 minutes north latitude, at a distance of 2 kilometers west of Sari, the provincial capital, eighteen kilometers south of the Mazandaran Sea and Six kilometers north of Alborz Mountains and 2 kilometers northeast of Tehran.
Industries and Mines
Food, Textile, Chop, Printing & Publishing, Rubber, Paper, Food & Stone Industries, Mining and Non-Metallic Industries and Leather Manufacturing are the major industries in the city. Rice, leeks, citrus, apples, walnuts, cherries, fish, food, paper products and textiles and dairy products, electrical products, building materials and handicrafts make up the region’s export. Amol City comprises 2% of the Mazandaran province’s industry. There is room.
Agriculture and Livestock
Agriculture, Livestock and Tourism The cornerstone of the city’s Amol economy is rice, citrus fruits, apple trees, and greens. The city’s agricultural water is supplied from the Haraz River.
The climate of Amol city is similar to other parts of Mazandaran; in hot and humid summers and mild winters. The maximum amount of rainfall falls in December and the least in July. It has a special climate in its regions.
Among the events that led to the killing and destruction in Amol are the following:
The war between the Sassanids and the Iranian monarchs in Amol where the moats of Amol and the city of Amol were completely destroyed.
In the city of Noor Amol there was a manuscript behind it, overflowing in the waters of Daryuk or Derivok in the gorge of the mountain and tearing down the mountain that created a massive flood that broke through the natural dam of Daryuk and the surrounding countryside and beneath it The sediments were destroyed. In the eastern part of the city, there is relatively flat land that formerly had many buildings and if excavated underground, the traces of houses that have been deposited in river sediments are well visible.)) Some see this flood in the year AH; God is the Universe.
By Sayyed Abutaleb son of Alireza Mousavi Shahandashti on Amol’s destruction:
Bismillah is known to the people of faith and exemplars of the events of time that come from Prophetic Hijra and earthquake tragedy in Darolmarz, Mazandaran, Eli Qom and Eli near Sabzevar on Friday the 12th of July, the first day of the month in the same land. It broke down and from the very first night of the same day the earth’s floors were moved so that no one of the nobles of the world and the Mafia was quoted in the majority of the land.
It was not the usual way to subdue the earth in most places but by the blessings of the Imams of peace and blessings of Allaah. People were lost, but mosques, pulpits, shrines, baths, markets, houses, bridges, etc.
The gardens and the village were mostly submerged and eventually destroyed, leaving no trace of them until the earthquake hit for three consecutive years. After three years, it would gradually decline. For two years, the people of the countryside were Amol and Mazandaran. And in the second year of writing, it is coming again.
The large fire that took place in the new era in Amol city caused great destruction and severe destruction. This fire and fire occurred in the year 6 AH, which first started near the Niyaki ridge and was swept across the city by the wind and reached the Haraz River and caused a fire to the gunpowder shop and ammunition shop. The shop exploded and a terrible fire broke out across the river, and then the whole city of Amol was blown away by the wind. It is known that the fire took place in April, when residents were enjoying the Nowruz celebration, and much of the city was turned gray.
The dangerous plague that struck in the 5th century AH has left many citizens in ruins and the city has become a ruin.
In the year 9 AH, the cholera disease in Amol killed people and destroyed some of the people of the city and killed them.
In the year 6 AH, a dangerous disease called Mashmashah attacked Amol, which left many citizens dead and rushed to the wall.
The wars that devastated the city of Amol and its surroundings, and the deaths of countless people, can be traced back to several wars and divisions.
(A) The invasion of Genghis Khan by the Mongols and their descendants at Tabaristan, during which many cities, including Amol, were destroyed, but were quickly rebuilt.
B) Amir Massoud’s invasion of the city of Amol and the war with Sadat Alavi who annihilated the dynasty and annexed Mazandaran and Amol to their territories.
(C) The Samoan invasion of Amol and Royan, which resulted in overwhelming destruction and killing.
D) Amir Timur Gurkani’s war with the Marash kings of Amol, which resulted in the destruction and massacre of the Amal and Larijan innocent people, is known to have erected a minaret at the head of the great Amol and Larijan dynasties and eventually exterminated the Marashian dynasty and deported them to Turkmenistan.
E) The wars of Shah Ismail and Shah Abbas of Safavid in Amol during which many people were killed. It goes without saying that in these wars, the city and the village were not completely destroyed because the inhabitants of the city remained scarce, rebuilding the city quickly, rebuilding it, and boosting agriculture and markets.
F) Aga Mohammad Khan Qajar attack on Larijan and Amol which lasted for several months and finally with the assault of Aga Mohammad Khan Qajar and Mohammad Qoli Khan attack killed innocent people of Larijan and Amol and destroyed the city
The ancient road road is part of the Haraz road near Vana where ancient relics of the Old Road to Amol are visible. The road was replaced by the Veresk Road. Amol is the city with the largest boulevards and highways of Mazandaran. Haraz International Road Road One of Iran’s most important roads is Amol, which connects other cities to northern Iran. Roads such as Amol-Babol, Amol-Mahmoud Abad (Coastal Road), Amol-Fereidoonkar and Amol-Noor can also be reached. Cited.
Relief Airport Amol Airport, the name of the airport in Amol, started as the first Iranian rescue base with a helicopter and is now being expanded to two helicopters.
The North Railway
(Tehran-Amol) express train, which was approved by the national government in year 3, is under construction and will be completed by year 3.
Peak Ghasem Shrine
Sky Mountain Lar
Mountain slab waist
mountain Sheikh Kerr
Highlands countryside Larijan
mountains Kholeno, Resort & Clone closed, Amol
peak of Imamzadeh Qasim
They are important mountains.
Universities and training centers
Amol had seventy scientific centers in ancient times, and only the city had the most ancient university, or military system.
Islamic Azad University of Science and Research Branch of Ayatollah Amoli
University of Medical
Amol University of Medical Sciences , Amol
University of Amol Payam Noor Amol
Medical Sciences Tohid Amol Faculty of
Faculty of Amol
University of Pasteur University of North
The statue of the epic Amol (1) epic event at the Thousand Sangar Square
Imam Khomeini School of Amol is one of the most important schools and the oldest schools in Iran that was built by the Germans. Current smart and equipped.
Amol is a popular sports town with a volleyball, wrestling, basketball and badminton and martial arts tradition. But every year, futsal, tennis, squash, paintball, motoring and chess are at the national and regional levels. Cala Mazandaran Volleyball Club and Cala Mazandaran Basketball Club and Amol Municipality are the most famous sports team in this city. Amol is the most prominent city in terms of sports facilities. , Defeated, and there were several Amolis in the team.
Museum of Amol History
Amol Museum of History is a three-storey museum of archeological, anthropological and historical galleries of Mazandaran province. The Amol Museum of Anthropology’s Gallery of Artifacts has collected examples of local fabrics including jajim, googlem and wooden utensils, copper utensils such as sun beds, bowls, trays and other items.
The museum’s historical documents section documents documents from various period administrations from Includes earthquake and burning of Amol in the years 6 and 6, as well as the manuscripts of the Qajar kings and administrative correspondence with the rulers of Bajajar in the governorate of the city. The archeology that this department has Mtmayzkrdh other parts of the museum are objects with historical value dating back some of these works is more than three thousand years before Christ.
The archaeological section of the Amol Museum of History, such as pottery, metal, stone and glass, which remains from prehistoric times to the Qajar period in the northern part of the country, introduces pottery from the country’s highlands and influential cultures in the northern part of the country. In the Amol Museum, one of the interesting parts that keeps visitors and scholars away for a few minutes is the coin showcase.
The Amol Museum does not miss the existence of coins depicting pictorial history of the line, ancient custom, facial makeup, and kings cover. Related tags Vrhhay Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great, Seleucid, Parthian, Sassanid and Islamic Vdvrhhay has Ghajar in its place. Artworks from archaeological excavations of Amoli in year 5 have also been exhibited at the Amol Museum of Ancient Castles and Iron.
Amol Martyrs Museum is located in the historic tomb of the great Marashi Marashi in Amol, which is equipped with two floors, relics of martyrs, testaments and crocuses, and important maps of eight years of sacred defense and so on.
Stadiums and complexes
Marash Complex, the largest and most modern indoor sports complex in the north of the country – The Great Prophet Complex – Neshat – Admars Sports Complex – Chamran Stadium – Amol Town Stadiums – Martyr Hassan Nejade Stadium and Hall – Chehel Shahid Stadium – Ghadir Gymnasium Park – Hijab – Billiards And bowling-skates and a few dozen stadiums and a dozen other sports complexes are official Amol Stadiums.
International has been a large port in the old days of the port, a major trading port in northern Iran, in the past it has become a city of Mahmoud Abad, and now Amol Customs is being operated as part of Amol Customs, Central Customs. It is located in the city of Amol and Amol products are exported to other cities under the supervision of Amol under water, land and air borders.
Iran Tourism has been affected by many political, social and economic factors in recent decades. But what is important is that Iran Tourism is growing these days. By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists Tourism in Iran Tour Operator annually.
However, Iran Tour Packages has the potential to have much more visitors. Iran Travel Agency is very extensive; the magnificent touristic sights and attractions can be found in every corner of the country. You can choose to hike and ski in the Alborz mountains or see the nomadic life in the Zagros mountain chain. A beach trip in the south by the Persian Gulf and or in the north by the Caspian Sea could be another choice.
But among all major Iran Tourist Attractions, they are eager to have a deep journey in the pure and rich history and culture of Iran Visa. The most central and western part of Iran is where you can find magnificent monuments that reflect the history of different eras and dynasties.
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nature Iran Tour Guides is known as a culturally rich country with hundreds of historical monuments that reflect the history and culture of the era they are built-in. 30 Best Places to Visit in Iran You Should See Before Die