Bam Citadel, which has been raised in the heart of Iran’s desert for more than two thousand years, is the largest collection of mud and mud in the world that has been built and expanded throughout various periods of history. The historic Bam Archaeological Society after the earthquake of Bam, the winter of 2003, and the efforts of Iranian experts to prepare its emergency record, during the twenty-seventh session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, simultaneously on the World Heritage List and the World Heritage List in the danger of registration Became
During the Bam earthquake and the registration of the citadel and cultural heritage of Bam in the World Heritage List, international and international experts were mobilized with the help of Iranian experts, such as Francesco Bandarin, head of the World Heritage Committee, Kuchiro Matsur, French Minister of Culture, President of UNESCO, Ikomus and many other international experts and cultural officials traveled to Bam to study this monument.
History of Bam
Bam is located in high mountains and underground waters rich in 193 kilometers southeast of Kerman. Because of this, there are two kinds of cold mountainous weather and hot and cold weather.
Bam is one of the oldest urban centers in Iran. The historical hills of Bidron, 10 kilometers from the north and Tel Atashi in Daristan, 30 kilometers east of Bam, belonging to the second to fourth millennium BC, are evidence of this historical date.
Life in the bay and around it was formed six thousand years ago and was centered around a period of history in the place where the citadel was called.
Bam was named as one of the most important international roads of the ancient era of medicine, which was considered as the main branch of the Silk Road. The trade route between the East and the West has had a significant strategic importance.
The silk weaving industry was likely to have reached Bam from China and through the spice road (via India).
There were large cities like Nirmashir, Reagan, Darzyn and Senna in the region, which had been abundantly developed until the 6th century AH and disappeared in subsequent periods. In addition to Brang Bam, the remnants of these ancient castles and castles of great magnitude, such as the castle of Pirmeh Shah (Afzalabad), Qalam Jamali, Dastan, Qaleh (Shahid castle), Nahimabad castle and works of art in the region, are seen from ancient civilization and prosperity. The region.
The Bam Citadel, which was in fact the same castle in the old days of Bam, was built in the northeastern part of the city of Bam, uphill and massive rocky cliffs with mud and mud. Historical history of Bam citadel dates back to two thousand years ago, according to historic writings, including the Prophet’s history and the history of the minister. The Bam citadel was still home to some Bam people about 180 years ago.
The complex of Bam citadel, including the old city and the castle, is about 20 hectares (the length of the western side of the 520 citadel and its width is 430 meters), and the length of the citadel and castle was about 6 hectares.
There was a deep gutter castle that protected it from raids. 38 watchdogs were located at certain intervals on the rain fortresses of the castle.
Inside the fortress, the mansion was built on a natural rock that had five floors, all of which were of mud and mud.
The remains of the columns and arches in the castle of Bam, the bakery shops, the dome and the adobe shelves in the castle market showed its past boom.
In the Islamic period, two mosques with the names of Jami Mosque and Mosque of Prophet Muhammad and Hosseinyeh included a courtyard, a double-story quadrangle and several rooms in the Bam’s historic citadel, all of which were destroyed during the earthquake.
In the Bam citadel, a zurkhaneh, in the manner of other traditional stadiums, there were also four porches, a dome and a hollow, which were also destroyed.
The Bam citadel was only one entrance with its entrance arch comparable to that of the Sasanian period. Lotf Ali Khan Zand was arrested on the same castle by Mohammad Ali Khan Zabili, the ruler of Qala Bam. The last moharebeh was in the fort in the same castle.
The Bam citadel was 1254 AH and the Agha Khan was a neighborhoods.
Bam citadel after earthquake
After the Bam earthquake, extensive efforts have been made at national and international levels to save the remains of this valuable historic site. From the first days of the earthquake, the Iranian delegation, headed by Mohammad Ali Talebian at the foot of the citadel, presented himself after the careful examination of the injuries, after consulting with international experts, to begin demolishing and rebuilding the remains of the monument.
After the Bam earthquake, the eight committees charged with documenting, international activities, security, public relations, technical issues, executive affairs, and popular support.
Over the course of two years, the Bam Earthquake has been the subject of dismantling in the outer wall and its surroundings, the barracks, the Jami Mosque, Yokhtdan, Sistani houses and the castle entrance. Also, by installing scaffolds, they have strengthened the well-preserved points that could have fallen out of the aftershocks.
After the establishment of the Bam Clay Workshop, one of the largest and most well-equipped workshops in the Middle East clay, the clay needed to restoration of Bam is provided by local mines and with the help of national and international experts, and we will see the revival of this historic citadel from now on.
In the dark, the Bam’s Rescue Project is studying the documents, maps and photographs left by the Bam Arg, so that it can once again restore the majesty of this historic citadel.
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source : seeiran.ir