Khalkhal is one of the oldest and historic cities of Azerbaijan, which has been mentioned in the historical and geographic books of .2nd and 3rd centuries AH and historians and geographers about Khalkhal. Khalkhal is located in the south of the province at a distance of 112 km from Ardebil.
It has mild, natural and beautiful summers, and it has a beautiful autumn season. The history of residence in Khalkhal reaches the 2nd millennium BC.
The natural attractions of this city include the Khalkhal mineral water spring, 22 kilometers northwest of Herābād and the distance of 96 kilometers from the middle of the earth. It is possible to mention the Andesite Pour Fieryk limestone and igneous limestone Is covered.
Exit of water from the ground in a few manifestations close to the distance of several hundred meters of the road. Hot water of Khalkhal is one of the hot water and carbonated bicarbonate water which is effective in treating arthritis, rheumatism and nervous diseases.
Spectacular and historic places
There are natural attractions and historic places in Khalkhal city. 22 km northwest Hrvabad anklet mineral hot springs and 96 km from the center of the Earth. There are dense forests in the city of Khalkhal, which have a lot of facilities for attracting tourists. Kajal Emamzadeh is located in the northeast on the road of Shams Abad mountainous mountain road.
Industries and mines
The most important industries in Khalkhal city are handmade industries. Khalkhal is one of the important centers of Ardebil and Ardabil handicrafts. Jajim types, glim, carved objects and wooden products are one of the most important handicrafts in this city.
Jajim weaving is common in most villages of Iran, especially in most of Azarbayjan villages, and in each region there are specific features. In Khalkhal Jajim city, it has special characteristics. In the past, Jajim was the most appropriate thing that the people of the area threw on the seat. Among them, Jajim was the CHICHAK LAMEH, with a combination of various colors and rhizomes, inside the alvan, in its 10th and most famous city.
The abandonment of the coalition seat and the consumption of Jajim in the cities and even in the distant and nearer cities were also forgotten, but the villagers, according to the old habit, did not give up the most suitable beds of the winter seats, and the old ladies in the villages still retain their Jajim in the winter.
And the summer is open-air around the house and the field of ten or any place that is possible Mystery and tripod for it on foot and weave Jajim. Jajim texture is common in almost all villages and rural areas of Iran. The only difference between Jajim and some other areas is the combination of color and yarn’s texture and the painting on it.
It can be said Jajim weaving, in the same elegance, beauty and precision that we have to spend on woven, represents the most traditional method of knitting, and the tools needed are the simplest of tools. The most important factor in energy tissue is the weaver’s arm.
Jajim texture begins after preparing the desired yarn in different colors or chilling, and all the phases of the tissue especially flush it outdoors and are similar to the flush of Persian texture of the carpet. Thus, in yards of about 10 to 20 meters in length, four wooden spitters on the ground are created, and the threaded balls of the yarn are rolled around the wooden nails by a chewing gun.
With the continuous circulation of the person fluttering around this quadrangle and changing the colored balls of woolen yarn, Jajim’s design is also shaped. At the end of the quenching, they stretch the dipper on the ground, in such a way that with two large yaaflasi ferns, the tall breadth of one side is tightened and the ends of the duct, which are wrapped in a large bullet, are tight at the end, and at the same time By placing a fairly large wooden truss on a boat, they hang from the top of the trunk so that the chalk is prepared on the ground and Jajim weaving begins.
Since it is found to be less than fifteen in meters in the interior of the rural home, Jajim often deploys the streets (the alley), and they call it the so-called (Jajim’s extension), and they do not work every time. Scoop up the tripod and lay it out again and easily.
In the city of Khalkhal Jajim weaving of villages and villages of Rostam’s stew is more popular due to the number of weavers, and the quality and elegance of Jajim type. Therefore, Jajim weaving offices or centers in this section are located in the villages of Zavivyeh, Semihil, Nasas, Brandyq, Jafarabad, Sajarood and Chanarlyag, and each of these offices has a large number of Jajim villages around the surrounding villages through the distribution of materials The original and collection of widespread Jajim has been covered.
In this way, Jajim weave materials are delivered to the project office safely and with good quality raw materials. The wages paid after the evaluation of the product are determined and paid according to the quality of the texture and color combination.
Cement, chromite, and red soil are among the most important mines in the city of Khalkhal which are scattered in different parts of this city.
Agriculture and Livestock
In general, Khalkhal is one of the agricultural, gardening and livestock areas of Ardabil province and its major products are wheat, barley and beans, rice, walnut, apple, pear, grapes and cotton. Khalkhal has a relatively good range of pastures with advanced livestock and a variety of dairy products such as cream, yogurt, butter, cheese, etc., as well as wool, skin and honey are among the most important livestock products in the region.
Khalkhal is located at 48 degrees and 31 minutes longitude and 37 degrees and 37 minutes in latitude and 31 meters in height from sea level. Khalkhal is located in the southeast of Ardebil province, and there are rivers of Heratabad and Aparchea. Khalkhal is a mountainous region with temperate and relatively cold weather.
The mountainous and high mountain of Talesh is located in the east of Khalkhal from north to south in the northern part of the Caspian Sea between the Caspian Sea and the Gilan and East Azarbaijan provinces, where the Caspian rain has fallen on its eastern slopes and has created its tall forests. The access and communication routes of this city with other areas are:
– Khalkhal city is located along the Ardebil-Asalem road, 110 km from Ardabil city and 67 km from Islam.
– Subway to the west to the middle of 130 km long.
– The road to the south of 35 km to eight.
Excerpts and historical background
Some writers associate the name Khalkhal with the name of the old city of Khalkhal, located in the Avto area above the Caucasus, which is referred to in the Armenian sources between the 2nd and 5th century as the winter residence of the Armenian kings and then Albania (Aran), the Otti district on the coast The right bank of the river Kura has been located around the closet and the present Shamkour.
The center of the area, which later became known as Khalkhal, was formerly in Firoozabad, and since it was destroyed, Khalkhal was built instead.
Khalkhal is one of the oldest and most ancient cities of Azerbaijan. In the geographic and historical books of the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Hijri, historians and geographers, including in the book’Ali al-‘Almm al-Mishrqq al-Maghrib, “wrote about Khalkhal:” Khalkhal is a small town of Azarbaijan, the main product of wheat And there is Joe and Plus and Glim and woolen garments and weaving in that weave ….
“In Mojaem al-Baladan, written at the end of the sixth century AH:” Khalkhal is a city in the east of Azerbaijan and near Gilan, and its farms and settlements are mostly in In the middle of the high mountains, there are two days to the city of Qazvin for seven days and until Ardabil is two days, and in this province there is a high pit that the people of that time The Mughal has departed there.
“In Nizha al-Qalub, written by Hamdollah Mostofi in the early eighth century AH, the following is said about the city:” Khalkhal is the middle of the city, and now it is a dyyah, it is divided into more than one hundred positions and is divided into four districts. : Khandanbil, Sangbod, Angeli Abad and Oshtchin … “.
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