The palace of Niavaran Museum is located in a large garden with an area of about 11 hectares in northern Tehran, enjoying a lot of natural and historical beauty and charm. The monuments of this complex belong to the Qajar and Pahlavi periods.
Initially, the Qajar kings chose this place for their summer residence. Fath Ali Shah Qajar orders his summer holidays to build a garden in a pleasant weather area outside Tehran, a much smaller area than today.
Next to a village called “pollen” or “pollen”, it was built in Niavaran today and built gardens in the vicinity of the ravines located in the vicinity of the village. The Fath Ali Shah summer garden, which was created in the foothills, was called “Ney Avaran”, which later became known as the “Niavaran”.
Mohammad Shah also built a small and simple building in the same garden, and after that he built Nasser-al-Din Shah “Sahebqariani Palace” in this garden. The last building built in the garden during the Qajar era is famous for Ahmad Shahi’s palace.
During the reign of Pahlavi II, some small buildings were destroyed and the Niavaran Palace was built in a modern style for his and his family’s residence.
Now the palace area includes the Niavaran Palace and the royal clothing museum, Sahebqaranieh Palace and the Museum of the Basin, the Ahmadshahi Palace, the Jahanathan Museum, the dedicated library, the Niavaran Palace’s exclusive car museum, the garden of inscriptions and greenhouses.
In 1979, the palace was conquered by revolutionary forces and handed over to the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in 1981. In 1365, the Palace of the Niavaran Museum opened for the first time.
In 1989, the Higher Education Heritage Center was set up at a special school site and one year later its lateral spaces were allocated to the boys’ dormitory.
In the following years, the Museum of Jahan-Faza (1376), Saheb-Qaraniyeh Palace (1377), and Kush Ahmad Shahi (2000) were also exposed to public viewing.
In the northeastern corner of Niavaran Gardens, the building of Niavaran Palace is constructed with a total area of 9,000 square meters in two floors and one half floor.
The construction of this building in 1337 AD. Shah started with an Iranian design and was completed in 1346 with the interruption that came about and was exploited in 1347.
The building was originally intended as a place for the reception of foreign guests, but at the time of construction, it was allocated to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his family. The design of this building is from Mohsen Forooghi, which was implemented by Faramanfarmaeian Company.
The four-sided palace design and interior design of its interior inspired by Iranian architecture using modern technology. Its decoration is a combination of pre-Islamic and post-Islamic art, which has been done by Professor Abdollahi, a mirror of the work done by Professor Ali Asghar and Kashi Kari’s exterior by Professor Ebrahim Kazempour and Ilia.
The floor is made of black stone and its roof is aluminum, which opens from the middle. The interior decoration and interior of the palace are designed and implemented by a French group.
The ground floor of the building consists of a large hallway with all the rooms around it, including special cinema, dining room, lounge, waiting room and adjoining corridors, as well as a blue hall.
In the middle of this building, the workroom, the conference room and the secretary of the office of Farah Diba, the bedroom of Leila and his roomless room.
A room is also on the stairs, where official and military uniforms and badges and badges of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi are kept.
On the third floor there is the bedroom and the Pahlavi’s half-day campsite, as well as the rooms of the children and their children.
These spaces are covered with paintings and precious carpets and gifts from many different countries.
Museum of the World
In 1975, a space on the west side of Sahebgaraniyeh Palace was held to preserve works and artistic objects donated to Farah Diba or purchased by him with four rooms on the ground floor and one hall in the basement.
On the ceiling of the middle hall of the museum, paintings on wood with flowers and chicken designs of Shiraz. This museum was opened in February 1376.
The works in this museum are displayed in two parts of the art of prehistoric art and the works of contemporary visual arts of Iran and the world.
These include the works of ancient Colonelian civilizations, Lorestan bronzes, Amlash pottery, Indian North American art for the first and second millennia BC, and works by contemporary Iranian artists such as Sohrab Sepehri, Naser Ovisi, Faramarz Pilaram, Ja’far Roohbakhsh, Parviz Kalantari, Bahman Mohassess, Siraq Malkoonian, Jaza Tabatabaei, Mash Esmaeel, Parviz Tanavoli and non-Iranian artists such as Georges Braque, Paul Gauguin, Paul Calle, Pablo Picasso, Camille Pissarro, Pierre August Novofer, Diego Jacomti, Ledge and Mark Chagall.
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source : seeiran.ir