Bagh Ein al-Dawlah is one of the historical sites of Tehran and one of the tourist attractions of Tehran. Ain al-Dawlah was the tyrant of the tyrant Mozaffar al-Din Shah who persecuted and suppressed them during the liberation struggle. was going. Ein al-Dawlah built a garden and mansion in Mubarak Abad. At that time, this vast area, which was outside the Nasseri fence of Tehran, was nothing more than a small residential area. Prince Abdul Majid Mirza had other lands in the area, including the Prince’s Garden (Prince’s) south of Mubarak Abad, which was later partially brewed, and is now part of the Prince’s Garden. There is a garden there. Majidiyeh is derived from his name.
Around the garden of Ain al-Dawlah Famous gardens were located at various intervals, including the monarch’s garden of Nasser al-Din Shah, the garden of Haj Amin al-Darb (later mint) of Mehran’s garden (Savak’s place) and of course other gardens that had no famous owners. There was a lot of green gardens around this garden in Mubarak Abad and Hossein Abad and Louisiana, and so on, their land use changed over time and their lands were dedicated to housing. The surrounding gardens, which covered the whole area, gradually separated and disappeared.
Ein al-Dawlah was alive until the solar year. He was in great bankruptcy in the late years of his life. The creditors plundered much of his property, and on the other hand his only son was not a capable man capable of compiling the father’s property. However, with the circumstances, this garden and mansion came out of the ownership of Ain al-Dawlah, and a new owner named Basir al-Dawlah (Heravi) was found. After the death of the new owner of the mansion and the garden, his son, Dr. Nosratullah Heravi, passed away, and he was transferred to his daughter, Shirin. It was taken over and, with the right decision, the garden was transformed into a public space that found museum and other public spaces.
One of the historic and dangerous events in this garden is the Tehran conference. During World War II, the heads of the three Russian, British and American countries, previously stationed in Tehran, were in the capital. , And held the famous Tehran conference in the same building.
The Tehran Conference, held in Tehran on December 4-8, the equivalent of December 6th, was the fourth conference of the British, American and Soviet leaders to agree on the threshold of war with the Allies and to map the world after the end of the war. The Second World was held in secret.
The historical reverse of Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin in the northern porch of the Eindul Dowlah is a reminder of this event.
Garden and mansion building
The garden area is 2 m که and is rectangular to the north-south. The garden has four doors; two main entrances to the north and south and two side entrances to the east and west.
It is, in essence, a formality of the collection.
The building area is 2 meters, built on two floors. The original building was a two-storey but simple mansion. There is no word on the timing of the building, but it must have been built between the ages of 5-6 Lunar and Emirates.
On the ground floor was a king-size mirrored ceiling with ornamentation, on either side of the corridor. Access to the second floor was via a staircase to the northeast.
Basir al-Dawlah repairs and rebuilt the building several times during his time in the garden. He first reinforced the north side of the palace by creating an entrance hall for the building.
Once again, the staircase moved the building from the northeast to the western side, and with the development of the north side hall, on the ground floor, it built several rooms in two symmetrical earrings on both sides. He built a toilet and a bathroom in the mansion. With the disappearance of the original owner, the garden was abandoned. It was once given to a municipality that had been devastated and abandoned for years. In the Middle Ages, in the middle of the garden, a large pool with small islands was built.
The islands were connected by land with small metal bridges. In the north-south direction of the entrance, there is a seat at a height of 1.5 meters and is entered by ten steps to the porch that rotates around the building. Decorated with graffiti, plaster, mirrors and framing.
The building’s status given to the municipality in the year 3 reportedly included a completely destroyed building within the property and all the trees on the south side of the building, and the land that had been cut off from the south part of the building and partially covered by a 6m area. The house was where the former garden pool was.
The building was later abandoned, causing significant damage to the mansion and the garden trees. Some of the trees in the south of the garden were destroyed due to the diverting of the aqueduct.
The building’s status given to the municipality in year 3 is reported to be that the building inside the property was completely destroyed and all the trees on the south side burnt down and the land that was cut off from the south part of the building 2 meters wide was part of the arena. It was the house where the former garden pool was located, which was stopped in 2006 by complaints of cultural and local heritage.
The repairs began in October of the current year and have undergone several phases of change until the spring of the year opened on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Tehran’s Baldiyeh.
In 2007, the Tehran Beautification Organization, while equipping the interior and exterior spaces of the mansion to define the gallery’s use, pursued its activities in supporting and promoting urban arts. The Barg Gallery, one of Iran’s most prestigious and most prestigious galleries, is now inaugurated with a new round of activity in its new location on October 7, at its new location.
The agreement with the municipality was the
last private owner of the garden and the mansion of Dr. Heravi Mrs Shirin’s daughter, who was willing to sell it to the municipality for public use.
National Monuments Register of
this building and garden was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran on 2/5/7 with number 2.
The art gallery
is currently open in the leaf museum in Ein al-Dawlah Mansion
Ein al-Dawlah Mansion is located in Pasdaran, Heravi Square, Vafa Manesh Street, Eftekharian St, Jalali Alley.
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