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Iran Tourism from Zanjan to Kermanshah

Sultaniyeh Dome

Sultaniyeh Dome

Iran Tourism, Sultaniyeh Dome stands four kilometers away from Qazvin-Zanjan road in Sultaniyeh Plain, where rivers Zanjan Rud and Abhar Rud originate. According to archeological facts, it seems that this plain have been important for different nations since at least the fifth millennium BC.

Many yellow clay pots decorated with black geometric patterns and clays from fourth and first millenniums BC found in the Southeast of ancient Sultaniyeh City (around Noor Hill) prove this fact. The grey earthenware found here and there in Sultaniyeh Plain is highly important since they show the development of this civilization.

It is said that when Arghon Khan, the fourth Mongol ruler, succeeded the throne, he decided to found a city in the present place of Sultaniyeh City. He ordered to build a stone castle with a circumference of 12000 strides. Arghon moved to the castle after the construction began and before it was completed. He passed away in 691 AH and was buried there.

His successor, Ghazan Khan, didn’t continue the construction and paid more attention to Tabriz and build the neighborhood of Shanb Ghazan. In 702 AH, when Oljayto succeeded to the throne, he ordered to resume the construction of the city of Sultaniyeh.

He ordered to found a city with a circumference of a 30000 strides and a small castle of a 2000-stirde circumference with a bailey and 16 towers. The walls were so thick that four horse riders could easily rides side on them. Moreover Oljayto ordered to build a grand mausoleum for him.

After designing Sultaniyeh, Oljayto decided to erect a grand and lofty mausoleum like his brother’s, Ghazan Khan. Artists were invited from different parts of the country to build the masterpiece of Mongol era. This building is like the mausoleum of Ghazan Khan, which, in turn, was inspired by the mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar in Marv.

Kabir Friday Masque of Qazvin

Kabir Friday Masque of Qazvin

 The Kabir Friday Masque of Qazvin is among the oldest mosques of Iran Tours. It is in Dabaghan Neighborhood on the west line of present Sepah Street. Different architectural style from different periods are visible in the mosque. Maqsorehye Kohan (old prayer niche), or Taq-e Haruni (arch of Harun), is the oldest part of the building.

It is connected to the entrance vestibule and was built by Harun ar-Rashid in 192 AH. The foundation of the Mosque is based on an ancient fire-temple. The Mosque has eight big prayer halls on the four wings of the courtyard and an un-derground hall in the northwestern side finished by Sa’d-os Saltaneh in Qajar era.

The mosque had many entrances in the seventh century AH, of which only two entrances on the east and on the northwest of the mosque have survived. The main entrance is on the east. This is located in Sepah Street and has a glorious portal with unknown founder.

Qazvin Bazaar

 Qazvin Bazaar

Bazaar is a symbol of economic, social, and cultural management of industrial and commercial cities. Its form is influenced by other cities and commercial communications. Bazaar had not only commercial spaces, but cultural and social spaces like mosques, schools, abbeys, gymnasiums, etc. the complex of Qazvin Bazaar has an old and interesting architecture.

It is one of attractions of the city. The bazaar of Qazvin dates back to one thousand years ago. Nasser Khosrow has mentioned the prosperity and bigness of this bazaar in Seljuk era. He has mentioned the abundance of Saras, Timchehs, and other trading spaces in this city.

But the present complex is attributed to the Safavid era and most parts have been built in the Qajar period. This bazaar developed before the Safavid era and each section of bazaar was assigned to a business. When Qazvin became the capital of Iran Visa, and later in Qajar era, some parts such as Sara-ye Sa’d-os Saltaneh were added and the complex gained an extra prosperity.

Qazvin Bazaar covers 14 hectares and has originally had three main entrances and two other entrances on the east and south have been added in the following periods. The complex has previously had other parts such as Saras, mosque, schools, bath, and water reservoir. Some of them have been destroyed.

An important feature of bazaar, other than the size, is the architectural composition of the complex. It connects entrances of different spaces using alternate patterns and architectural joints to from grand spaces. The bazaar of Qazvin plays a major economical role in the region and is an economic center beyond the region.

Sara-ye Sa’d-os Saltaneh with an area of nearly 2.6 hectares, has been the biggest roofed caravansary and urban market of the time in Trip to Iran. It was built by order of Sa’d-os Saltaneh, the governor of Qazvin at the time. The governor of Qazvin at the time. The most precious section of the building is the Charsoq (intersection).

Historical Area of Bisotun-Stone Relief of Darius the Great and Captives-Kermanshah

Historical Area of Bisotun-Stone Relief of Darius the Great and Captives-Kermanshah

Bisotun (Behiston) covers a 5 by 3 kilometers area. It contains 28 ancient remains registered as national remains. The most outstanding remain of the area is the relief figure and the inscription of Darius the Great. In this three language cuneiform inscription, Darius explains the first year of his rule.

When suppressing the revolts, Darius decided to inform people of the way he succeeded the throne and of what had happened in the first year of his reign. He ordered the memorial and manifesto to be carved in Bisotun on the ancient road. The relief figure, depicting Darius and captives, is carved on a flat surface of 3 meters height and 5.5 meter width.

Darius wear Persian clothes, an Assyrian bear, and an indented hat. The figure of Darius is figured much bigger than the captives to show his grandeur. Two soldiers, Vindafranah, an archer, and Geobarva (Gobriyas), a spearman, are standing behind Darius.

Hercules Statue-Bisotun

Hercules Statue-Bisotun

A big statue was found on mount Bisotun in 1958. Part of the shoulder was out of the ground. Heracles, or Hercules, was a famous mythical hero in ancient Greece and Rome. This statue is attributed to 153 BC. It conforms to the time of Mehrdad I the Arsacid king (Ashk IX, 174-136 BC) and late Seleucid Era.

This statue depicts Hercules on a 2.2-meter long platform as a nude muscular man wearing wavy hair and beards resting on a lion skin. The statue is 1.47 meter long and is sculpted out of the rock. It is connected to the mount on the back. There are some figures and a Greek inscription behind the statue.

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Iran Tourism from Zanjan to Kermanshah | persiapassenger