Eight Paradise palace
One of the tourist attractions in Isfahan is the palace of the eight paradises, which was built during the rule of Safavid Shah Suleiman in 1080 AH in the nightingale garden. Thereafter, there were also buildings in the former capitals of Safavid, Tabriz and Qazvin, and now there is no work of them. But the palace of Isfahan’s Paradise of Eight has remained with a world of fantasies. The Eight Paradise Palace is located in two floors and on an octagonal base of 130 cm high, the height of the palace of eight paradises is close to 14 meters. The four-story palace has four magnificent verandahs that provide the necessary light to the interior of the garden, the central space of which has gypsum mogharnas adorned with paintings and opens from four to four porches, as the interior design The building is designed in a four-story design, with four building units designed in total, with eight floors separated by eight floors. Each unit is arranged with an architectural design, decorative design, and various interior spaces. The architect has converted the building to a thousand, which in this small space, especially on the second floor, created a very small booth and used it from a decorative point of view instead.
The northern porch of the palace of eight paradises is a marble basin with a shallow depth of pearl pond. The lunar porch of the palace is also a waterfall process, designed on the porch wall as a canal, which flows from the upper mist box with water, as well as The cascade flows into the small bottom dock. The palace rooms are completely decorated with wall paintings and mirroring, most of which have been lost during the Qajar period.
The Eight Paradise Palace has an eight-sided design, and is attempted to execute the number eight according to the name of the palace, patterns and symbols. If the number of eight-to-eight building units, the eight-pillar central dock, has eight-ply folding bricks. The rooms of the two building units are eight sides. In the exterior, the ornamental palace has an interesting tile above the pond, some of which refer to well-documented stories, some containing epic and national symbols, some also portraying scenes of animals and birds, and sometimes mythical animals such as Simorgh.
The historic mansion of “Hasht Behesht” is an example of the palaces of the last residence of the Safavid rulers, which was built during the time of King Solomon in 1080 AH. The tile works of the birds, pestilent and reptile animals on that role are counted from the works of this palace. There is not much left of the spacious garden of the “Eight Paradise”, but its historical palace is still a valuable and interesting piece of work built around the park after the revolution.
This palace, built during the reign of Safi Shah Soleiman, is one of the best piles built in the Safavid era, and because of the quality of the building and the state of the building due to the time of the magnificent changes, it is necessary to allow the writings of others to be able to express its position at different times. Who viewed the palace at various times and who was fully informed about it.
Of those who have repeatedly gone to the Palace of the Eight Paradise, and the situation has become fully acquainted, and French Shardin, who wrote in his travel journal, by means of a description of the situation of the palace, and wrote some of his translation in the following way.
I promised that during the description of the gardens around the beautiful city of Isfahan, I will give a description of one of the halls of one of the gardens in the name of the Garden of Nightingales, which will be the hall of the eight paradises. All the ceilings of this mosaic are excellent. The walls and floors are two floors, and the corridors and slums are roundabouts around them. There are hundreds of places in these halls that are the most delightful and most frugal parts of the world, and each one is illuminated by the hole in the light. This is a light fitting to the recreation that this special place is made of.
None of these points is similar to the one in terms of shape, structure, and ornament. Everywhere there is something new and diverse, as in some of the various heaters and in some basins and fountains, which are of pipes inside the walls This is a strange fairy tale, because the man in the upper part falls everywhere and the stairs are so hidden that they are not always found. The lower part to the top of the earth is from jasmine and fences made of woody wood, and frames of silver and cups of crystals and pens are made of delicate colored glass.
But about decorations, you can not imagine this magnitude of magnificence and deception that is intertwined. Between the tiles of this building there are beautiful picturesque and beautiful images, and everywhere there are crystal mirrors and in walls. In this room, the mirror rooms are a perfect job that the furnish of each room is of the most magnificent and lust of its most original type In the world. There are also small rooms that only have a bed. There is no curtain in the middle of the earth, and it spreads out on the ground. I found an interesting bed that only two thousand ecos worth the quilt were made for the warmth and lightness of the sermon skin. I told them that there are so many kind of shrines of the same genus. I will compile a book of ornaments and drawings, miniaturals, dishes and inscriptions of this tallar. Some of these inscriptions include romantic subtle thoughts and some moral elements.
There are a few examples below which I have registered in my office.
The top of the vase is written as follows: Tulipa flower is the secret agent inside me. I have a burning face and heart burning. Everything has a beautiful neckline and it is always in the flower. I lost my hearts hundreds of buggies and straps, without any inclination, to see you and to join you. I have no more pain in your hegger and I can not accommodate where you are not. You’re not my puppy. I’ve lost you, I do not know. I can not do anything but die.
The constellation is the guardian of Darwish, although he is the blessing of his government
The sheep are not for the shepherds, but the shepherds are set to serve
The underwater grateful part of the present is also yours under the bridge
On a preheat, they have considered the following statement.
Do not be afraid of winter because it’s just cool and healthy.
I can not refrain from pointing out that during the rotation of this place, which is specially made for pleasure and love, and passing through the rooms and pilgrimages, Adam is so influenced that he is free to get out of himself. Undoubtedly, the air of this hall has an important role in this romantic state that gives humans a hand. Although this building is not so durable, Farah is more ambitious than the most luxurious palaces of European countries.
Gouvet, a traveler who came to Fayyaz Ali Shah Qajar and came to Isfahan about this palace, wrote:
This mansion in the middle of the garden is about a meter above the surface of the earth and 35 meters long, 26/25 meters wide. The rooms of the palace of eight paradises are full of paintings and pavilions and beautifully decorated. The middle hall is a dome shaped by a grandeur of the window. In the dome, there are eight windows that are equally spaced apart, made of wood, and in the middle of this hall, an eight-sided dugout made up of 83 centimeters of fine marble, known as the pearl pond. It is carved out when water is taken out of its holes as it is pearl grain. The steps of this mansion are constructed so that they are crossed over from each side on the upper and lower sides, with slopes of turns and high altitudes. Old trees and plantations It is arranged and a part of the Shah’s water is brought up against the high mansion inside this garden.
Mirza Ali Khan Naeini, the Noor Newspaper of Nasr al-Din Shah Qajar, who was assigned by the courthouse, provided material about the geographical and historical aspects of Iran Tourism, and succeeded in some parts of the country, and provided material in two major volumes, which were two volumes in the library of the Ministry of Finance I studied about the Beacon of Eight Paradise in 1300 AH. It reported:
The palace of the eight paradises and the lower and upper mansion of the palace and the breadth of its device is beyond description, except for the high verandahs of the one hundred and fifty-one hundred doorway checkups up and down. They have heard from reputable architects that they have dared to plan it in the manner of the mansion to destroy the map of this palace and elsewhere they would like to build a problem that they could handle. The garden is a large garden with large streets and wide sections. The wall of a garden with a large charm of the Chahar Bagh Shah wall, which is joined by two large crevices from Chaharbagh Watta, crosses this garden one by one towards the middle of the palace in the middle of two large lakes . In the garden, on both sides of the building are mutually reinforcing, and two large ponds are on the other side of the building, and the mansion period has also placed a lake of water that water is constantly flowing from. In front of this lake and the palace is a splendid and splendid one, which is a way overlooking the garden garden and the big pond. Its other entrance is the view of the palace in the middle of the garden. There is also a large section. The other creek, opposite the river and the width of the creek, is very open from the chariot. And it is in the garden, and there is a law in front of it. It consists of a large hall overlooking the garden. According to the law, there is a large courtyard consisting of a large hall overlooking the garden and the backyard mansions of the Chaharbagh landscape, and this is where the palace has been hidden in this garden. There is also a courtyard. The owners of the rooms are well-versed in kitchens and coves, and so on, known as the Narenjestanet of Eight Paradise.
The remarkable thing is that the report by Mirza Ali Khan Naeini, journalist of Naser-al-Din Shah, and the description written by Mirzahsin Khan, delivered in 1308 AH, are exactly the same, and one must say that one of them is taken from another, since the end of the geography of Isfahan 1308 AH and after 1300 AH. Geography of Isfahan has been taken from Mirza Ali Khan’s report and no mention has been made.
What is apparent from the report is that the palace of the eight paradises of the first fourteenth century was the last time of the Safavid era, with no defect in it, and the changes that were made in the 14th century AH.
Mirza Hassan Khan Jaberanassari, who was one of the architects of Isfahan and aware of his changes and changes in its foundations, wrote about the Palace of Eight Paradise:
In the palace of Eight Paradise, the monumental city of Celeston, the ancient Bostanish plan, which separated from the role of the world, grew in time for Shah Abbas, and with the brief construction and construction of the magnificent mansion of the eight paradise, another Mashhadi poet, said the time of Shah Soleiman to 1,000 (1080) and tile beautiful works In particular, the peacocks and other marmalade opened in 1102. The king and the arena of this garden was more than a forty-four thousand for a chariot of the Shahi of the south of Chisinah to a long market, and under the rule of Sultan, the great lady of his sister with all his children and family in that largest royal park of the Jolan field for the good Today, they have been cutting the garden into small pieces There are fewer than fifty houses and gardens in Sarah, and they have opened up a large part of their own. There are a lot of factories and bars and shops in Charbagh Abbasi, which has a great interest and a beautiful street with houses on both sides. The bath passed the name score from the garden, and there I saw a pearl marble pond of the Safavid works Two three ponds of a marble piece, called pearl, were one in Ashraf’s mansion, and it was so that all of that stone was shaped like a basin of hijab, and for all the little fountains with the full fingerprint of all the stone, each pond had more than a hundred fountains And they dug that pond which they had installed from under the water of the water, like the pearl beads, by the fountains, and dug it full of water. The great lady of his pond, son Bidy’a al-Milk, was separated from the palace garden in his buildings. And those buildings were later transferred to the Bakhtiyari, and they were transferred to the royal palace. The water of the halal that went up to the marble And its water connected to the Joy of the Shah would have been constructed for permanent water of eight paradises and other buildings of Safavid. Each house and house had a specific section. The Minister and the Mustafa were ordered from his ancestors to give them the water section in the royal court. The disputes of the village brought the gardens to the houses and the name of the name was Halal water from which passes. Shah Abbas II considered the aspect which, in their opinion, and the ulama of the religious law, did not construct the Qanat, so that the water of Ghusl Mahmishi ultimately had the right to have little or no water in the river from the rights of other places. I have heard that this water is taken from the back of the fire to Jer and Khan the daughter of a great lady, and because of her great lady and her children, sixty years old, they live in eight paradises, they also have gardens and other state-owned buildings adjacent to them, such as the paradise of the Varshk Jainan and Gorestan , And the paradise of religion in Fatehiyeh College today were girls’ college, and they were given to Archbishop of Guristan by Khosrow Khan’s mansion.
This palace, which was one of the few palaces in the year 1334, when Mr. Hosseini visited the Isfahan Archeology Department, commented:
This mansion is currently in the possession of Mr. Abu Al Fateh Ghahreman (Commander-in-Chief), under the title of the owner and in possession of the renowned land and its old gardens, and the original palace is still left and ruined. Its reserves are gone. Sayyid Ziad al-Din was once a member of the National Assembly during the period of the ministry, but was returned to the Shah of the late time. In the year 1334, the pilgrimage from this mansion is in need of complete exuberance, because beautiful paintings and excellent plasterings (such as the majestic decorations of the Qapu (it is lost and what remains) also attracts attention. Forms and poetry and hunters, some of the old And some new ones are fascinating on the tile and behind the back of the enclosures, with an area of about 7,500 square meters.
Some have written that the palace and garden at the beginning of its building was 85 jeribs, but its current area is about 5,000 meters.
Date of Shahrivar 1343 Shams is delivered to the government.
This palace is located on Chaharbagh Abbasi Street in front of the current Sheikh Baha’i Street and is now in the hands of the government.
From the various reports presented in the description of this palace, it became known that its reputation was to use excellent marble rocks in it, and to have arches of Mogharnas and paintings.
Two-storey building of the Shahstani and Golam, beautiful excursions and various golden designs and ornaments, and the backyards of the unique tile, motifs, poets and mirror are a very privileged and indeed a privileged failure of the Safavid period.
The palace, called the Nebula Garden, is part of the garden as the role of the world of the time of Shah Abbas, and it was built in the time of Shah Abbas (1078-1108).
This historic palace has been registered under number 227.
In the description and history of the building, poetry of the time of the poetry have also been written.
I am celebrating and celebrating in a place of a well-balanced pot
The palace was beautifully arranged. The land of Isfahan was the crown of Jainan
This is the portal of worship. The word is the property of Painted Mansion from Solomon of Time
Everything is a history of history:
Because because of their glory that they have been accused of Solomon of the time
The drunkard, who is the general practitioner, has been in charge for ten years
The crown that was dying was Nazan Zaydl the truth of all people in the world
Sophie Safi continued intentional ko Baqlaq and Safa Saadi iPod
That is, his purpose is from the life and life of the servant of the Lord
The chief of this house of Sa’d, who is not her, is my dearer later
It is a delight that is due to Saba’s thanks for the need and happiness
What is a pseudo-place because the lips of sugar are really salt
The arc of the arches and gaze of his bow is festive
The sunshine of the mirror needs his doorway
I brought my flower to life. I am happy to give Zakat data
From the lips, Lilly Lalish came from the mirror of John to Kashish
His soot looked down at the viewer. He was wounded at the White House
The light verse of the stone, including its unnecessary hatam
The poems written by NasrAbadi in the description and history of the building of the Eight Paradise Palace clearly indicate that this palace was rebuilt during the reign of Safavid Shah Suleiman, and in the year one thousand and eighty (1,080) years of its construction has ended, and this is our true purpose and purpose. The Sufis were the gatekeepers.
Although not mentioned for a purpose, but it is not possible for the mosque of Maghsoud Beyk, located in the backbone of the darkness in the year one thousand nineteen, to be united with the steward of the building of the palace building of eight paradises, which took place in the year one thousand eighty. The former mansion of the eight heavens was located there, It was very big and beautiful that today there is only a small area of it.
The Eight Paradise Palace, as it appears from the writings, has been a place of cultivation, and the corners and sides have been made for pleasure. Shardin Saih French writes about this palace:
… The Eight Paradise Palace is located in the nightingale garden. All the ceilings of that mosaic are superb. The walls and gates are two floors, and the corridors and slums are roundabouts around them. In these halls there are hundreds of places that are the most delightful and most frightening parts of the world, and each one is illuminated by the hole that shines through the light. This brightness is commensurate with the hobbies that this special incarnation has made.
None of these points is similar to the one in terms of shape, structure and decoration. Everywhere, there are new and different things, as in some of the various heaters, and in some other basins and fountains, which take pipes from the wall of the water. This strange board is in fact a labyrinth which is lost in the upper part of the human being, and the stairs are so hidden that it is not easy to find. The lower part to the top of the earth is made up of wool and fences made of crimson wood, frames and frames of silver and cups of crystals and pens made of delicate colored glass.
Although the building is so durable and steady, it is more frenetic than the most luxurious European palaces. Many of the many changes that have been made in the eight-plus-year building since its construction date have portrayed many that the mansion was built at a much closer time than the Safavid era, so that Madame Dilaufova have given.
The decorations of the mansion during the Safavid era were so magnificent and artistic that many tourists opened the door to admiring it. Unfortunately, today there are no traces of wood-framed wood fences, crystal frames and glasses and elegant colorful glass pens, as there have been many changes in the post-Safavid period, especially in the Qajar era. These changes are so much that some travelers have taken it from the Qajar era.
At the end of the Qajar era, the mansion of the eight paradises became private property owners and was deprived of precious or precious jewels of the Safavid period, so that today there is no effect on all the splendor inside the palace and the waters and streams of water. With all the beauty of the Safavid beauty of this building, as archeologist Andrey Godard says:
“… The Octagonal palace, with a section open on every side, with four corps of mansions in its four corners, still retains a basic and concise combination of the grace of the past.”
It is worth mentioning that the decoration of this eight-cornered palace, which is a sign of the architectural and decorative morale of the late Safavid period, along with its building, which is located between the gardens, has been imitated abundantly later.
In the view of the tourists
All the travelers and tourists who visited Isfahan and managed to enter the octagonal palace called it the best buildings in the world. One of them describes the Octagonal palace with the phrase “… more disparate than the most luxurious palaces of the European countries”.