Iran Tourism in Baneh city

May 19, 2019 persiap2 No comments exist

Geography of Baneh

Iran Tourism in Baneh city

Baneh city. In the west of Kurdistan province. From the north and part of the west to West Azerbaijan (Bukhne and Sardasht), part of the Maghreb and the south are in the territory of Iraq (Schiller’s progress) and from the east to the city of Saqez.

 The mountainous region is located in the lower part of the Zagros mountain range. Its major heights are: Mount Kakar with many pastures (the highest peak is 052.2 m); Suverky Mountain (the highest peak is 229.2 m) and Kotte Rishh Mountain in the village of Nenur (height 842.2 m). In the mountains of the forest, it is found in the trees of Mazo, Oak, Hawthorn, Wild Pear, Mountain Almond and Walnut.

The rivers of this city are from the small river Zab (Zab Moghir), the most important of which are the Choman River, which consists of the two rivers (the two great tributaries) of Nirvana and Tijban (Tahjan); the river that flows from the countryside There are 10 km from the west of the city of Baneh and the works of the old straw can be seen on it; the Baneh River, which originates from Koh Khan between Saqez and Baneh, about fifteen kilometers north of the city of Baneh, with the northern direction The south passes from Baneh city and eventually flows to Chaman; the Nemir River, which flows in the village of Nemshir, is part of the small Zab river, which arrives in Iraq after crossing Baneh.

On the part of its route, it forms the natural boundaries of Baneh and Sardasht. The city of Baneh has many springs, the most important of which is the Kanny Navy, the Ahmadabad Water, and the water of Shaju and the Gouis. The city has two quarters, 113 springs and 126 deep-water wells.

Baneh Reservoir Dam with a capacity of 4 million cubic meters in five kilometers northeast of Baneh city on Baneh River has been exploited in order to dewater and transfer water to the city to compensate for the shortage of water in the dry season. The main products of Baneh are wheat, barley and chickpea, and there is a limited amount of tobacco use. It is planted from fruit trees, apples and pears.

During the Nasir al-Din Shah era, the Québec hunting in rural areas of Baneh was carried out with special ceremonies (Kurdistan Negar events, p. 47 48). The marble mines are extracted from the Baneh Saghez road about seven and eight kilometers south-east of Baneh at Baneh Marivan Road, six kilometers away, and about seven and eight kilometers north-east of the city of Baneh. The city of Baneh travels to Saqez city in the village of Sarbandlu from Khan Khan (at 916 m, 2 meters).

The main products of Baneh are wheat, barley and chickpea, and there is a limited amount of tobacco use. It is planted from fruit trees, apples and pears. During the Nasir al-Din Shah era, the Québec hunting in rural areas of Baneh was carried out with special ceremonies (Kurdistan Negar events, p. 47 48).

The marble mines are extracted from the Baneh Saghez road about seven and eight kilometers south-east of Baneh at Baneh Marivan Road, six kilometers away, and about seven and eight kilometers north-east of the city of Baneh. The city of Baneh travels to Saqez city in the village of Sarbandlu from Khan Khan (at 916 m, 2 meters).

The main products of Baneh are wheat, barley and chickpea, and there is a limited amount of tobacco use. It is planted from fruit trees, apples and pears. During the Nasir al-Din Shah era, the Québec hunting in rural areas of Baneh was carried out with special ceremonies (Kurdistan Negar events, p. 47 48).

The marble mines are extracted from the Baneh Saghez road about seven and eight kilometers south-east of Baneh at Baneh Marivan Road, six kilometers away, and about seven and eight kilometers north-east of the city of Baneh. The city of Baneh travels to Saqez city in the village of Sarbandlu from Khan Khan (at 916 m, 2 meters).

The marble mines are extracted from the Baneh Saghez road about seven and eight kilometers south-east of Baneh at Baneh Marivan Road, six kilometers away, and about seven and eight kilometers north-east of the city of Baneh. The city of Baneh travels to Saqez city in the village of Sarbandlu from Khan Khan (at 916 m, 2 meters).

The marble mines are extracted from the Baneh Saghez road about seven and eight kilometers south-east of Baneh at Baneh Marivan Road, six kilometers away, and about seven and eight kilometers north-east of the city of Baneh. The city of Baneh travels to Saqez city in the village of Sarbandlu from Khan Khan (at 916 m, 2 meters).

From its ancient works, it can be used to paint the gravestones in the cemetery, and the barns containing human bones and beads that have been found in the village behind the arbaba. There are works of old castles in ten shrines (in the village of Namsir), in the village of Kiyohou (in the village of Alut) and in the northwest (in the village) (Takkoli, p. 5455). 

Its inhabitants are Muslim and Shafi’i religion, and they speak Kurdish with the Sorani dialect. Some of them follow the methods of Naqshbandi (see Naqshbandi *) and Qaderi (see Qadriya *). In the droughts, banners run a rush in the rain (ibid., P. 6869).

In 1316, according to the law of divisions, the Baneh section was formed in the city of Mahabad. In 1325, with the formation of the city of Saqez, Baneh section was attached to this city.
In 1340, it was one of the cities of Kurdistan province. In 1359, the district and village of Pahlavi, the fortress of Baneh, re-named their former name NNOr. 

In the 1296 survey, the population of the Baneh block reached over 32,000, (Kurdistan’s Negar events, p. 45), and his taxes during the time of Nasir al-Din Shah were 600 dollars (ibid., P. 48). According to the data of the 1370s, the population of the city was about 636, 90, of which 45 per cent were urban and 54.9 per cent rural. According to the 2006 census, it was 118 667 inhabitants.

Baneh is located at a height of 525, 1 meter above sea level, in the northern section of Arbeh mountain with (Arbaba), about 60 km southwest of Saghez city and 21 km from the Iraqi border. The warmest temperature sometimes reaches 34 degrees and the coldest reaches 20 degrees below zero. Its annual rainfall is 824 mm. Black winds (in winter and summer), and the northern winds (which cause the air to cool in the summer), and winds like Zelan and Tornbord.

The city of Baneh has plumbing water supplied from the Pirmorad and Ahmedabad Springs, and Baneh Dam near the city. There are also three public gardens and several sports complexes.

Baneh history

Before Islam, the Zoroastrian tribes, called Qahqo, ruled Baneh, which was ruled by the authority of the religion in the Arab invasion and after it. By the middle of the thirteenth century, the main name of the city was Baneh (Sunbathing), and there are also gardens, in all of which the center of Baneh has been called the fortress. It was once a city before World War I and again during the Second World War He suffered a severe fire. 

Now the northeastern cemetery of the city is called Baneh or Old Baneh. The reason for the renaming and displacement of the city was the spread of cholera and plague that spread every year, and as the survivors thought the original site was infected, they again resurfaced the city and ten elsewhere. One-generation invasions and tribal wars Another factor was the displacement of the city.

In Baneh, the names of the Duchënan spear, the old parchments, the old Ciamans, the old Armerides, the old masses, etc., are also heard, but there are also settlements with the same names without the old word. The name Baneh from the word Bon means the roof and Affected by altitudes and the manner of establishment and location of the city of Baneh.

The height of one thousand five hundred and twenty five meters from the sea level and the elevation of the surrounding countryside has led people to go uphill to reach the city. The name of Baneh has been interpreted as meaning a home (ie, a residence, settlement, housing), and an army (for the soldiers’ camp) and a garrison (the city has two great castles).

The height of one thousand five hundred and twenty five meters from the sea level and the elevation of the surrounding countryside has led people to go uphill to reach the city. The name of Baneh has been interpreted as meaning a home (ie, a residence, settlement, housing), and an army (for the soldiers’ camp) and a garrison (the city has two great castles).

The height of one thousand five hundred and twenty five meters from the sea level and the elevation of the surrounding countryside has led people to go uphill to reach the city. The name of Baneh has been interpreted as meaning a home (ie, a residence, settlement, housing), and an army (for the soldiers’ camp) and a garrison (the city has two great castles).

Baneh:

Baneh

The word Baneh is meant in the Urdu. If the two terms (Baneh Maso) and (Baneh Mahr) are in the region, it is tumultuous. Baneh Mazoo is that from the fifteenth of August, which begins to pick up Mazo, groups of women and men, girls and boys leave for several days their villages and pick up Mazo. 

(Baneh Moor) is that in May oranges and livestock are taken to grazing pastures and altitudes. (Baneh Qarari) is also referred to as life and work, which has been extracted from them according to the above description.
The term Baneh means the place is high and the spelling of it is unnecessarily unnecessary, instead of the sign Fvth, which is used in the Kurdish grammar and moves to the last letters of the words.

 There are other signs that recent writers and scholars have cited, such as Baneh Moor, who carried my bagpipes in the second month of spring for the purpose of grazing pastures and highlands or Baneh Mazoo, which is due on the fifteenth of August, groups of women And the men of Venice, the girls and the boys, leave for several days, and leave the crowds a few hours a day without picking home.

Bane’s History:

Since the history of the pre-Islamic period, there is little information available to Baneh. Considering that archaeological excavations and excavations have not been carried out in this area, the history of the region is in the dark, and it turns out that all the works of the past and all that remains in the heart of the earth remain unknown.

 The history of Sulaymaniyah says: “The Hierarchy of the Roman emperor during the war with Iran conquered the city of Zur, and after the plunder of the people there in 624 AD, through the Qezelj, which is bordered between the Kurdistan of Iraq and Iran.” This date does not indicate the continuation of the war in Baneh, but says that after a week of rest, the Roman armies will go to Hamadan. 

From the era of the Ilkhanites in Baneh, coins from Abu Sa’id Bahadur Khan (multiplied by 733), Suleiman Khan Mongol (multiplied by 740), Khan’s punishment (multiplied by 680), Ghazan Khan (697), and Argon Khan (690) Is.

According to Sharf-rep-Baneh, the name of the province was that the nomads of the tribes were assigned to it. The province consisted of two castles and one district, one called “Beyazar castle”, and one district called Baneh and the other “castle fortress”, which was located between the provinces of Ardalan and Waqaban and Mekri.

Conquer Baneh by Muslims:

In the writings of Abu Abdullah, Mohammad Vahdī, the area of ​​”Banj”, Baneh was conquered without war and conquest, and a number of Muslims settled there, and Islam was restored to the death of Khalid ibn Walid in the city of Uramani (it is supposed to be Humor of Waraman or Oraman). ) The attack took place and spread through war. 

At that time, Khalid bin Walid reported that the residents of Baneh had killed the Muslims who lived in Baneh, and for this reason they departed Baneh and attacked him, killing many residents and plundering their property and then scolding them off. Apparently, this may seem correct, and in most of Kurdistan the people of Baneh are called the Sahaba Kats.

They say that Khalid bin Walid wrote Amanat Baneh to Amir Yetatyr-e-Din, and wrote in the name of Baneh and the countryside; this apparently was burned down by the death of the last Emir of Yazid al-Dinī, Karim Khan, by Baneh. Still, the dispossessed tribal elders of the tribe live with the same family name. It should be noted that Baneh fighters have participated in most of the wars in Iran, and many of them have survived on behalf of their sacrifices and cowards.

The most famous of them is Saro Mirea, who participated in the Chaldoran War, and was one of the commanders of Shah Isma’il Safavi. In this war, he showed plenty of brutality and was killed.
In 1820, an English archaeologist, Master Rich, who was an East Indian company employee, met with his wife a promise to visit Baneh and set up the time for Baneh Nurullah Sultan and wrote a story about Baneh about the lives of the people.

 According to his writings, he lived in Baneh, where many Jews lived, and Baneh was called a “Little Vega” castle. From Rich’s memoirs, it appears that the economic situation of the people of Baneh was not satisfactory because of the heavy taxes imposed by the rulers, and if he did not pay taxes, he would have expected the death or blindness of the property and the exile of his wife and children.

Rich also points to the presence of a large weapon and Baneh spells. The foreigner, named after Jacques Dormagen, is a French historian and historian who visited the city in 1890, seventeen years after Rich, with a French academic delegation.

Baneh Immersion:

Baneh Immersion

From the renowned Baneh “Mirza Baig Bin Muhammad” and his son “Budaghat Big”, after the conflict with his brothers, he was refugee to Shah Tahmasb I, and passed away in Qazvin. After his death, Shah Tahmasb gave the Baneh Emma to Osliman Beag’s brother.

 Solomon Big was a fair-haired man. Resigned from Baneh’s government, she made her daughter marry the nephew of her nephew Bader Bey and twice succeeded in pilgrimage to Hajj. Solomon Bagh assigned the Baneh Emir to Badr Baig and took up residence in Medina. His death occurred in Medina. About the tomb of Solomon Big Some people believe that one of her teeth is buried in Baneh for condolences. 

The shrine of the people is on the hill in the west of the city of Baneh, in the name of herself. In 1018 or 1019 Shah Abbas I assigned Baneh, which was then the function of Maragheh, to Alexander the King of the Kings. But after a while, the Kurds of Makri rebelled and in 1021 Shah Abbas I sent Qezel Mashara to the command of Sara Sultan Bigdeli to lay down the rebellion of the Baneh and the Revolutionary Castle of Alexander, which had returned from Shah Abbas.

 He killed nearly 700 of them and conquered the castle. According to another statement, Sara-Sultan Hassan Qala’e-e, from the Baneh functions that had been gathered by the Kurds, came along with six other castles, defeating Kurdish rebels, and Mir Escande escaped.

 Apparently after the fall of the Safavid in 1145, Nader Shah entered Baneh to extort the Ottoman forces from the Maghreb. Nader Shah ordered the Ottomans to be exterminated every day during the sunset at Baneh. In the war between the Ottomans, Mahmud Pasha came to Iran after defeating Suliman Baig and entered Baneh and shook hands with Kush. 

He killed nearly 700 of them and conquered the castle. According to another statement, Sara-Sultan Hassan Qala’e-e, from the Baneh functions that had been gathered by the Kurds, came along with six other castles, defeating Kurdish rebels, and Mir Escande escaped.

 Apparently after the fall of the Safavid in 1145, Nader Shah entered Baneh to extort the Ottoman forces from the Maghreb. Nader Shah ordered the Ottomans to be exterminated every day during the sunset at Baneh. In the war between the Ottomans, Mahmud Pasha came to Iran after defeating Suliman Baig and entered Baneh and shook hands with Kush.

 He killed nearly 700 of them and conquered the castle. According to another statement, Sara-Sultan Hassan Qala’e-e, from the Baneh functions that had been gathered by the Kurds, came along with six other castles, defeating Kurdish rebels, and Mir Escande escaped. Apparently after the fall of the Safavid in 1145, Nader Shah entered Baneh to extort the Ottoman forces from the Maghreb.

 Nader Shah ordered the Ottomans to be exterminated every day during the sunset at Baneh. In the war between the Ottomans, Mahmud Pasha came to Iran after defeating Suliman Baig and entered Baneh and shook hands with Kush. Nader Shah ordered the Ottomans to be exterminated every day during the sunset at Baneh.

 In the war between the Ottomans, Mahmud Pasha came to Iran after defeating Suliman Baig and entered Baneh and shook hands with Kush. Nader Shah ordered the Ottomans to be exterminated every day during the sunset at Baneh. In the war between the Ottomans, Mahmud Pasha came to Iran after defeating Suliman Baig and entered Baneh and shook hands with Kush.

In 1326, the Ottoman troops entered Baneh and settled in the castle of government and called it “Military”. During the First World War, the Ottoman troops pushed Baneh to defend the Ottoman caliphate against the Russians. But they were defeated, followed by the Russians capturing Baneh and burning it.

In 1333, the Ottoman forces entered the city of Baneh, under the command of Abraham Battali, and executed Mohammad Khan, the governor, there. In the 1320s, during the Second World War, the Red Army entered Baneh, and eventually evacuated it.
Outbreak of plague in Baneh:

It is said that many years later, in the bane of the plague, many people suffered from death, the Kurdistan region, including Baneh, which was the focal point of the disease, was occasionally caused by a disease of plague, and as a result, the city became a ruin and people They began to build a new city in fear of developing a disease, and they used to call the old city the old name.

 Like the Rogue Kong, Baneh Koon, Spit-Koon and Ciuman Koon and others, in 1871, they spread to Baneh plague. “
According to Shimmer, a health physician in Tehran, the Ottoman government informed about the outbreak in Baneh, in order to obtain accurate information, including the extent of the disease and the potential risk of its release to its country, Tabibi, Dr. Wartanat, was charged with investigating the incident in Kurdistan Make At the same time as the Ottoman government proceeded, the Governor of Azar Baijan, who had informed Kurdistan and the unprecedented incident of the Kurdistan regime, willed Mirza Abdul Ali of the Tabriz physicians to investigate the incident and send it to the infected center. In the end, with the efforts of physicians and Dr Schlumberger and people’s collaboration, the origins of illness were destroyed.

Mohammad Rashid Khan Baneh:

Mohammad Rashid Khan, the son of Qadir Khan, was the successor of his father after his death. He owned the villages of Wina, Dar Khan, Kani B, Bala, three Rebarahi Vermev Ava in Iraqi Army. In Baneh, the neighborhoods of Nenour, Prophet Ayat Sultan, Boeing and his family were captured. In September 1320, when Mohammad Rashid Khan realized that the Russians had discharged all the Baneh regiments, he was ready to take the time to attack the city of Baneh and remove it. 

Mohammad Rashid Khan sent a message to the head of the garrison and the maternity ward of Mary and the departments; he sent a shipment with the letter, which means that if they resist, they will be bullied. They also rejected the request of Mohammad Rashid Khan, who said they had enough power and would never surrender. She sent her a special “vinegar” to women, which means that we do not consider you male.

After the fall of the city, Mohammad Rashid Khan issued orders to reduce the horrors of the residents and the guardians of the city and gave orders to the authorities and government officials to restore their normal state.
Mohammad Rashid Khan seized Baneh Saqez without any opposition, and the government transferred his brother to his brother and returned to Baneh after a week.

 The nomads around Sardasht, who were aware of the fall of Baneh and Kashz, wanted to capture Sardasht from Mohammad Rashid Khan Abi. The defenders of the city, knowing that Mohammad Rashid Khan is approaching, are taking their ammunition and flood the river. But at the distance of the city and the riverbank, they are taken away from the resistance and put on the ground and the tomb falls to the nomads.

On May 4, 1321, the army entered “That Leah Khan” and closes the Baneh square. Army commander Brigadier Arfes sent Mr Ilkhanizade to arrest Mr. Mohammad Rashid Khan to avoid the war, where he arranged a peace treaty between Baneh and his tribes.

According to the treaty, the Baneh tribes should stop abusing and their past operations should be forgiven by the government, and as long as the tribes do not fulfill their obligations, they will not be prosecuted, and the restoration and maintenance of the security will be given to the tribes. In other words, In Baneh, they were formed by extractives, which paid 14,000 tomans a month to the state.

For the first time, the radio in 1322 arrived in Baneh by Mohammad Rashid Khan and Waliaman Khan, and the people were eager to gather radio around the house when they worked at the radio.
In June 1323, Mohammad Rashid Khan saw Marivan’s situation as unfortunate as Mariwan and took over. He left Muhammad Amin Khan, his brother, with some people there and went back to Baneh.

In violation of the 1321 agreement by Mohammad Rashid Khan, Brigadier-intelligent Afshar was assigned to dismiss him. Earlier in October of 1323, Afshar went to Baneh, a promise of the Tibetan tribe. Prior to the arrival of the Afshar Kandeh Khan, Mohammad Rashid Khan told the Baneh residents to evacuate Baneh and move them to the villages, because in the event of defeat, the city might be fired by the army.

He urged Baneh’s excesses to confront the army, who answered in a responsible way: “Mr. Mohammed Rashid Khan! If you fail, you can return to your own villages in Iraq, but we have no place to take refuge. ” Mohammad Rashid Khan said to them, “I will not leave a city to use it after me.”

The residents of Baneh, who were reassured by the seriousness of Mohammad Rashid Khan’s decision, sent him two elders from the city to dismiss him from his decision. But Oder replied, “Do not be upset!” In “Dar Khan” I will make a new town for you.

On October 8, 1323, Mohammad Rashid Khan made his decision and ordered the city to be burned. Some of his mummies, including Rostam Rish, and a few of the agents of Baneh, worked for him.

Overnight from the neighborhoods of the city, sky-high from the night before, skyrocketed. There were, fortunately, tens of pits of oil belonging to Haj Mohammad Amin Bakhtiari in one of his ducans.

The perpetrators broke the crimes in the deck and brought oil pipelines into the houses and burned them. During the fire, Mohammad Rashid Khan, in the archeological vineyards, took a stand and looked at the fire.
On the morning of the 9th of the month, the city of Baneh became a branch of ashes, with no mosques and a few houses where their numbers did not exceed their fingers, there was no house left, so that the smoke of the fire did not go away, as the houses of that time stick together more.

Their roofs were entirely covered with wooden beams and leaves of trees. There was a high rate of fire transfer and fire; there was a fire in the neighborhood of a fire bait. Army forces entered the city after the burning of the city was almost completed, and Mohammad Rashid Khan left the mountain Arbeh with Army entry into the city.

Intelligent Brigadier Afshar contacted several displaced persons after the deployment of force in the city and region, encouraging them to return to the city and renovate their homes, and to report to their successors that they will receive state aid to repair the ruin. Since May 1324, the city’s rebuilding operation has been rebuilt over the next 10 years.

Immigration of Jews in Baneh:

With the declaration of Israel’s independence in 1948 and the dissolution of Palestine in 1327, the Baneh Jews, who were about forty households, who were engaged in trade and trade, settled on the issue of immigration to Palestine, and in late spring of 1328, Solana left Baneh completely to Palestine Emigrated.

Iran Tourism has been affected by many political, social and economic factors in the recent decades. But what is important is that Iran Tourism is growing these days.

Iran Tour Guides, By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists Tourism in Iran annually. However, Tourism in Iran has the potential to have much more visitors.

Iran Travel Agency is very extensive; the magnificent touristic sights and attractions can be found in every corner of the country. You can choose to hike and ski in the Alborz mountains or see the nomadic life in Zagros mountain chain.

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