Hamedan [HAMEDAN] is one of the western and mountainous cities of Iran located in the province of Hamedan and is located in the range of Alvand mountain range. Hamedan is one of the historical, cultural and tourist cities in Iran. The city is located at a height of 1800 meters above sea level, 300 kilometers southwest of Tehran. According to the census of 2006, the population of this city was 479,440 people. The city of Hamedan is the capital of Hamedan city and the capital of Hamedan province.
The large area of the central square of Hamedan during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi was designed by German engineers and is known as a radial map, with 6 main boulevards parallel to the main square of the city, and the highways in the first and second ramps, cut them off in the world in kind It is unique and at the beginning of each main boulevard, two silver domes of color are arranged in total of 12 domes to the memory of 12 Imams of the Shi’a religion and named after them.
Historical Place of Hamedan:
Hamedan, the first capital of the first monarchy in Iran, was from 2700 to 2550 years ago. The city was founded as the first king of the Medes, and it was called the “place of gathering” in the Iranian language of the Heydar of the Medes. Hamedan was the capital of the Achaemenid and Parthian Kings. The name of the Hegmataneh has been changed over time by Sassanid times to Ahmadan / Ahmadan and then to Hamedan.
The artifacts from Hegmataneh’s ancient site, as well as the inscriptions of the Ganjman, are works of that time. The numerous historical and cultural monuments in Hamadan caused the Hamedan to be recognized as one of the six historical and cultural cities of the country during the meeting of the Supreme Council of Urban and Architecture of Iran on July 13, 1991, and also in 2006, the Islamic Consultative Assembly Hamedan declared the capital of Iranian history and civilization.
Also, archaeological excavations carried out on the Gian Nahavand hill and the existence of the ancient hill with Babylon and the migration of the Hayquk of the Prophet to Tuiskerak, (about 700 BC) also indicate the age of these two cities. Hamadan Stone is considered by most archaeologists and non-Iranian historians of the era of the Medes, and domestic archaeologists have recently assigned it to the Parthian period.
The migration of the Aryainidge Medes from around 3500 years ago to the western region of Iran and the current region of Hamedan gradually led to the formation of the first general government to the Hegmatane center (Hamadan) on the continental shelf of Iran, and this government at 650 BC at the height of its authority Overcoming the greatest political and military power of that time, the Assyrian state expanded its territory from East to Central Asia and in the West to Asia Minor. According to Herodotus, Greek historian Dyako, the first king of Med in Hegmataneh (Hamadan), built huge fortresses, including 7 fortresses in you and Shahi palaces.
Most scholars in the history and archeology sciences believe that the hills and modern buildings in the heart of the city of Hamedan have the remnants of the same facilities. This hill has been under archaeological excavations over the past several years, and excavated buildings and exploration workshops are open to the public.
Also, archaeological excavations on Godin hills near Kangavar in Kermanshah and Nowshijan provinces of Malayer have revealed to us the corners of the culture and civilization of the Mother tribes at this time, including the first forms of the line and the coins and the manifestations of religious culture and architecture Iran pointed out.
From the Achaemenid period, in addition to the stones of Ganjnameh Hamedan’s niche, there are a considerable number of Zarrin and Simin objects and the remains of stone palaces, which may be visited by the hobbyists from the National Museum of the Hegmataneh Museum and the Hagmataneh hill museum. From the Mashhad dynasty in Hamedan, Parthri Cemetery and in Nahavand The temple is intact.
The city of Hamedan in the Sassanid period was one of the mint of this government, and there are many different periods of this period. The city of Nahavand at this time was of special importance and had a stronghold in it, and was one of the centers of the seven-year Spaghetti era.
Arabs called on Fatah Nahavand to be Fatah al-Fuwah on the invasion of Iran, and the greatest victory of the Sassanid was the opening of Hamadan in 645 AD after the conquest of Nahavand. From the works of this period, one can mention the cave of Qaleh Jouq in Famenien and the remains of the castle in the same place.
From this post-Islamic period, there are many remnants in the province, many of which are: The beautiful and valuable monument of the Alawites dated from the Seljuk period – Qurban tower – Esther and Mardakha monument – The monument of Khezr from the 7th to the 9th century AH in Hamedan, Imam Zenav from the period Seljukhi in Famenin – Imam Zadeh Hood Vazhar in Razan and the tomb of Habqukh Nabi in Tuyserkan from the eighth century – Amozzadeh Yahya – Imamzadeh Hussein and Imamzadeh Ismail in Hamedan, as well as Caravanserai Farsfeh and Religious School of Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh in Tuyserkan – Water and Warehouse Inscription of the righteous Agathaists related to the construction of a dam in Asadabad – i Khachal Mirftah in Malayer and Vahmam Haj Agha Torab in Nahavand, Venice A number of bridges including Broken Bridge (Khosrowabad) in Asadabad – Paul Khorijan and Abshineh in Hamedan, Jahan Abad Bridge in Faminn – Paul Farsfeh and Market Sites in Thysarkhan and Paul Zaramin in Nahavand, all from the Safavid period and Market,
Hamedan is cold and winter is covered with snow in the winter. Hamedan is mild and winter, long and cold and snowy. It is also the lowest temperature recorded in Hamedan, 43 degrees, recorded in the winter of 1342. And this is a record in Iran.
Famous characters: Famous
poets such as Mirzadeh Eshghi, Tahir Hamedani (Baba Taher), Moftoon Hamedani and Ayn Alqasat are among the famous poets, writers and famous scholars of Hamedan province. From contemporary artists to Parviz Parastooi, Hanieh Tavassoli and Mostafa Rahmonust.
Historical monuments, places of tourist and cultural centers:
-Ramgah scientist and physician Avicenna Iranian name
-Gnbdv tomb Alawites
-Tph Hegmataneh old
-Mjsmh stone lions
-Bazar old Hamedan
-Mydan Imam Khomeini
-Qlh girl (Qyzqlh C)
-Ramgah Aref Qazvini
-Hmam history of the castle
Tourism centers, natural landscapes:
Abbas Abad hill, Ganjnameh waterfall, Ski slopes of the valley, Alvand range gardens, especially the Abbas Abad and Ekbatan dams, the park of people and the park of Eram are the tourist and natural points of Hamedan.
The place and works of the ancient religious:
Imamzadeh Abdollah, Imamzadeh Yahya, Imamzadeh Hussein, Imamzadeh Isma’il (Emamzadeh Kuh), Imamzadeh Hadi Ibn Ali, Imamzadeh Ismail, Imamzadeh from Ahl Bin Ali. Ancient Imamzadeh of Azhar, ancient tombs of Imamzadeh Hood.
Museums and Cultural Arts Centers: –
Museum of Natural History of Hamedan
Mosque – Mausoleum of Shrine of Bu’ali
Hamedan Roads: The
main road of Tehran-Hamadan is 341 km long, passing through Qazvin, 200 km from the highway and highway.
– Tehran-Hamadan Highway passing from Saveh.
– Tehran-Kermanshah-Khosravi Highway, Hamadan, located 375 km from Tehran.
– The main city of Tehran – Sanandaj, which Hamadan is 343 kilometers away.
The main road of Tehran-Kermanshah-Ilam, which Hamedan is in the same direction-the
main city of Sanandaj-Hamadan, 182 km long
– Tabriz-Zanjan-Hamadan-Ahwaz-275 km
long – Hamedan-Meller highway with a length of 75 km
Souvenir of Hamedan:
ceramic and ceramic, leather and leather goods, carpets, glym and jajim, finger screws, spicy garlic, lilacs, caissons, mussels, grapes, chamomites, halvah yolk, walnuts, pistachio peppermint. Dartwell, Bassel, Shirmal , Potions, Rose Jam, Sugar Bread, Kak,
Handicrafts, especially in the leather, carpet and weaving industries, and especially in the presence of the city of Laljin, are considered to be the pottery and ceramic pole of the country.
Other handicrafts that are active in Hamedan include the following:
engraving on woodwork
and woodworking on
gold copper , silver bullion, gold bullion and silver bullion
University of Technology Hamedan University of Medical Sciences Hamadan
University Islamic Azad University of Hamedan
Training University of Bahonar Teacher Training University of Ibn Sina
University Hamedan Applied Applied
University Hamedan Faculty of Engineering Hamadan
Faculty of Engineering Jabbarian Hamedan
University of Science and Technology Civil life of
the sister cities:
– Hamedan sister cities : Kulab, Tajikistan (2004) – The main route of these two cities is due to the burial of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamdani, the Arif and Sufis born in Hamadan, buried in Culub.
Basketball team of Pegah Hamedan,
Football team of Pash Hamedan, Hamedan
Shipyard of Industries and Mines, Hamedan
Football Team, Hamedan Football Team
Dialect and language: The dialect of the people of Hamedan is Pahlavi Persian with Hamedani dialect. But in this province there are people with Turkish dialects, Kurds and Lori. The people of the city of Malayer speak Persian to Kurdish with the Lori-Persian accent, the city of Bahar in Turkish and Persian, Rosen-Türki-Persian and the city of Asad Abad.
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source : seeiran.ir