Iran Tourism in Isfahan (part 1)

February 2, 2019 persiap2 No comments exist

Naghsh-e Jahan (Imam) Square-Isfahan

Naghsh-e Jahan (Imam) Square-Isfahan

Iran Tourism, Naghsh-e Jahan (Imam) Square is the second big square of the world. it was built in Isfahan in the Safavid era. There have originally been a garden called Naghsh-e Jahan in the present position of the square before the Safavid dynasty. This garden has borrowed the name from a city in Azerbaijan presently called “Nakhchivan”.

This garden has been the site of governmental building and palaces of Timurid and Aqqoyonlu dynasties. Presently, this square is called Meidan-e Imam (Imam Square). Imam square is a rectangular square 507 meters long and 158 meters wide in the center of Isfahan.

The most important and the biggest historical buildings of Isfahan such as Masjid-e Jame-e Abbasi, or Masjid-e Shah (on the south); Sheikh Loft-ollah Mosque (on the east); Ali Qapu Edifice (on the west); and Qeisariyeh portal (on the north) are built round this square.

Imam Mosque of Isfahan

Imam Mosque of Isfahan

Masjid-e Imam of Isfahan, or Shah Mosque, which is also called Masjid-e Jame’-e Abbasi is an important Islamic architectural masterpiece of Iran. This building is an unbeatable masterpiece of the architecture and the tile decoration of the eleventh century AH.

The construction of the mosque began on the south of Naqsh-e Jahan Square by order of king Abbas l in 1020, on the 24th anniversary of his coronation. The decorations and some other parts were completed by his successors. The building of Imam Mosque is a masterpiece of the eleventh century regarding its architecture, tile works, stone engraving, the dome size, and its lofty minarets.

The glorious and beautiful portal of the mosque is decorated by mosaic tiles. Other parts are decorated by glazed bricks. Some researchers of Safavid history believe that since king Abbas I was eager to complete the mosque, the tiles on the portal are different from those inside the building. The two-lay-ered dome is 52 meters high with a nearly 15-meters distance be-tween the layers.

The minarets inside the mosque are 48 meters high and the minarets of the portal in Naqsh-e Jahan Square are as high as 42 meters. The architect was Master Aliakbar Isfahan, the prominent architect of Safavid period. His name is mentioned in the inscription of the portal.

The glorious lofty entrance portal of this mosque with two minarets enhances the beauty of the building. This portal is decorated by ornamental colorful tiles with floral and bird motifs as stalactite-works covered by mosaic tiles of varied patterns. The inscription on the main entrance portal was done on the mosaic tiles in thuluth scrip by Alireza Abbasi in 1025 AH.

A big historical tazza is in the corridor of Imam Mosque.

This mosque is among four-portico mosques. The inscriptions of the big portico and the giant dome were written by Muhammad Saleh Isfahani in 1038 AH.

Another interesting attraction of Imam mosque is the reflection of sound under the center of the big southern dome room. Most decorations of mosque are in colorful glazed bricks. Some poems in Nasta’liq script ornament the main door of the mosque. The door is cladded by gold and silver. These poems mention the date of the completion and setting the door, 1038 to 1052 AH.

Ali Qapu Palace-Isfahan

Ali Qapu Palace-Isfahan

The Ali Qapu edifice is an edifice on the west of Naqsh-e Jahan Square opposite to the Sheikh Lotf-ollah mosque. It is worldly known for its early eleventh AH architecture. This palace was erected by order of king Abbas l in 1054 AH. this palace was the central gateway and entrance of all palaces built round Naqsh-e Jahan Square during Safavid period.

Ali Qapu is a combination of “Ali” meaning “Lofty” and “Qapu” meaning “portal”. The miniatures of the famous artist of Safavid era, Reza Abbasi, have gained Ali Qapu the excellence. Stucco-works of the last floor of the hall are another feature of the edifice. This hall is known as “Music Room”, or “Sound Room”.

Vanak Cathedral

Vanak Cathedral

The Surp Amenapergich, known as Vanak Monetary, is the central church of Armeniansof Isfahan and the residency of the Armenians’ prelate of Isfahan. This church consists of different parts such as the main church and its courtyard, the belfry, library, museum, clock tower, residencies for the bishop and clerics as well as auditoriums and a print house. It covers more than 8731 square meters.

Sheikh Lotf-ollah Mosque-Isfahan

Sheikh Lotf-ollah Mosque-Isfahan

Sheikh Lotf-ollah Mosqueis an architectural and tile decoration masterpiece of the eleventh century AH. It was built by order of king Abbas l during 18 years. The portal inscription was written in Thuluth by Alireza Abbasi in 1012 AH. The designer and architecture of the mosque Master Muhammad Reza Isfahani.

Historical Bridges of Isfahan

Historical Bridges of Isfahan

The bridges on the Zayandeh Rud are highly important among the historical of Isfahan. The bridges of Isfahan have been built in different periods, especially in the Safavid era. The khajo Bridge, reign off King Abbas ll, was one of the most Beautiful bridges of the world at that time due to its architecture and tile decorations.

source: lonelyplanet.com , wikitravel.org , iranvisitor.com , heartmybackpack.com , en.wikivoyage.org

Are you ready for a great journey of Iran?

Please book at least three weeks ahead of your travel date.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *