Pasargadae is a high rectangular plain on the northwest of Fars province. It is about 20 kilometers long. It is bordered by Tang-e Bolaghi on the south. It is 140 kilometers from Pasargadae to Shiraz. It is irrigated by Polvar River; therefore, it has always been a prosper-ous and important plain.
The city founded by Cyrus the Great was located in southwestern corner of the plain and consisted of several building among wide gardens without baileys. The houses of people had been outside the royal precinct. The remaining parts are:
- The mausoleum of Cyrus the Greet;
- Gateway palace with the figure of a winged-man;
- The Levee palace with tall columns;
- The private Palace;
- The stone tower of Zendan-e Suleiman:
- Stone platforms of the holy precinct;
- The stone platform known as Takht-e Suleiman;
- Some individual ancient buildings.
The tomb covers 156 square meters on the base and has a height of 11 meters. The first step is 1.7-meter-high and the second and the third ones are 1-meter high. Three other steps are 55cms. They are about 50cms wide. The room is 3.5 meters long and 2.1 meters high.
There had been a 1 by 1.3-meter stone door on the west of the room. The two stones forming the roof are hollow; hence, some researchers believe that the main grave of Cyrus and his wife has been inside the holes on the ceiling. It is probably the tomb of the young Cyrus, the son of Darius.
Zendan-e Suleiman, stone platforms in the holy precinct, the stone platform of Takht-e Suleiman and Individual garden buildings are other remains in Pasargadae.
Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient complex in Marvdasht city in Fars Province embracing several remains of Elamite,
Naqsh-e Rustam sits on the north of Marvdasht 6.5 kilometers away from Persepolis. There are tombs of four kings in Naqsh-e Rustam. All tombs have cruciform shapes and are cut on the mount wall higher than the ground level. The tombs are:
- Tomb of Darius l:it definitely be longs to darius l.
- Xerxes’Tomb: this tomb is on the right if Darius l tomb.
- Artaxerxes l’s tomb: this mausoleum is on the left of Darius’tomb.
Tomb of Darius ll: it is the westernmost Achaemenid tomb attributed to Darius ll. There are some relief figures in Naqsh-e Rustam:
- The relief figure depicting coronation of Ardashir Babakan:
- Victory of Shapur l over roman emperors: this relief figure depicts the Arab by Shapur l.
- Relief figure of Bahram ll and the courtiers.
- The stone figure of battle of Bahram ll.
- Re-lief figure of coronation of Narses.
- Relief figure of battles of Adhur Narsrh and Hurmuz ll.
Four stone figures in a crack on a mount, 3 kilometers north of Persepolis opposite the road leading to Naqsh-e Rustam catch the eyes. They are among the most important remains of early Sassanid era. This area is known as Naqsh-e Rajab for no known reasons. Fursat-od dowleh shirazi calls it
Qahraman in his book, Asar-ol Ajam. The appearance of people, hair style,
costumes, and ornaments of Sassanid clothes are apparent in the relief figures
of Naqsh-e Rajab. The first and maybe the biggest relief figure on the left is
the figure of Shapur l on a horse with nine court dignitaries behind him.
Persepolis; also called Takht-e jamshid, Parseh, Parseh Polis, Hezar Stun, and Chehel Manar; is an ancient city which has been a big ceremonial capital of Achaemenid kings. The founder of Persepolis was Darius the Great.
His son,Xenxes, and his grandson,
Artxerxes, expended the complex after him. The palaces coved a 125000 square
meters. The architects, artists and experts of Persepolis came from subject
nations such as Assyrians, Egyptians, Urartians, Babylonians, Ludians, lonians,
Indians, and Sekas. Much information about Achaemeind background and culture
were found in the stone inscriptions on the walls of these palaces.
All nations Gateway
The all nation Gateway was called so because delegates from all subject nations came there and then went to the levee Palace. This building consisted of a hall with thick walls, three giant portals, and four tall columns carrying the ceiling. The building was founded by Darius the Great and was completed by Xerxes. The hall is 612.5 square meters, 24.75 meters each side.
The roof has been 18 meters higher than the entrance staircase. In fact, the jags were about 33 meters higher than the surrounding field. The columns were slightly higher than 16.5 meters. Two columns were standing until 1965 and the other one has been reconstructed by pieces of two other broken columns.
Audience Palace (Treasury)
Another big Palace on the southeast of Parseh Terrace is called Terrace Palace.it is surrounded by thick walls and is separated from other buildings by a wide street. Another discovered object in this building is Darius’ audience stone relief figure on
Iran tourism has been affected by many political, social and economic factors in the recent decades. But what is important is that Iran tourismis growing these days.
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