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Iran Tourism in Shiraz Province (part 1)

Pasargadae

Pasargadae

Iran Tourism, Pasargadae is a high rectangular plain on the northwest of Fars province. It is about 20 kilometers long. It is bordered by Tang-e Bolaghi on the south. It is 140 kilometers from Pasargadae to Shiraz. It is irrigated by Polvar River; therefore, it has always been a prosper-ous and important plain.

The city founded by Cyrus the Great was located in southwestern corner of the plain and consisted of several building among wide gardens without baileys. The houses of people had been outside the royal precinct. The remaining parts are:

  1. The mausoleum of Cyrus the Greet;
  2. Gateway palace with the figure of a winged-man;
  3. The Levee palace with tall columns;
  4. The private Palace;
  5. The stone tower of Zendan-e Suleiman:
  6. Stone platforms of the holy precinct;
  7. The stone platform known as Takht-e Suleiman;
  8. Some individual ancient buildings.

1-Cryus Tomb: Cyrus was buried in his mausoleum in Pasargadae in 529 BC. When Alexander saw the Cyrus inscription on his tomb, he ordered to cut the Greek translation below the Persian one. The mausoleum is made of yellowish white limestone and consists of two parts: a solid stone platform with six steps and a room with gabled roof on the sixed step.

The tomb covers 156 square meters on the base and has a height of 11 meters. The first step is 1.7-meter-high and the second and the third ones are 1-meter high. Three other steps are 55cms. They are about 50cms wide. The room is 3.5 meters long and 2.1 meters high.

There had been a 1 by 1.3-meter stone door on the west of the room. The two stones forming the roof are hollow; hence, some researchers believe that the main grave of Cyrus and his wife has been inside the holes on the ceiling. It is probably the tomb of the young Cyrus, the son of Darius.

Zendan-e Suleiman, stone platforms in the holy precinct, the stone platform of Takht-e Suleiman and Individual garden buildings are other remains in Pasargadae.

Naqsh-e Rustam

 Naqsh-e Rustam

Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient complex in Marvdasht city in Fars Province embracing several remains of Elamite, Achaemenide, and Sassanid eras. Naqsh-e Rustam encompasses tombo of some achaemenid kings such as Darius the Great and Xerxes, relief figures depicting some important events in Sassanid era such as the coronation of Ardashir Babakan and the victory of Shapur l over roman emperors, a building called Zoroaster Cube, and a ruined relief figure dating from Elamite period.

Naqsh-e Rustam sits on the north of Marvdasht 6.5 kilometers away from Persepolis. There are tombs of four kings in Naqsh-e Rustam. All tombs have cruciform shapes and are cut on the mount wall higher than the ground level. The tombs are:

  1. Tomb of Darius l:it definitely be longs to darius l.
  2. Xerxes’Tomb: this tomb is on the right if Darius l tomb.
  3. Artaxerxes l’s tomb: this mausoleum is on the left of Darius’tomb.

Tomb of Darius ll: it is the westernmost Achaemenid tomb attributed to Darius ll. There are some relief figures in Naqsh-e Rustam:

  1. The relief figure depicting coronation of Ardashir Babakan:
  2. Victory of Shapur l over roman emperors: this relief figure depicts the Arab by Shapur l.
  3. Relief figure of Bahram ll and the courtiers.
  4. The stone figure of battle of Bahram ll.
  5. Re-lief figure of coronation of Narses.
  6. Relief figure of battles of Adhur Narsrh and Hurmuz ll.

Naqsh-e Rajab

 Naqsh-e Rajab

Four stone figures in a crack on a mount, 3 kilometers north of Persepolis opposite the road leading to Naqsh-e Rustam catch the eyes. They are among the most important remains of early Sassanid era. This area is known as Naqsh-e Rajab for no known reasons. Fursat-od dowleh shirazi calls it

Naqsh-e Qahraman in his book, Asar-ol Ajam. The appearance of people, hair style, costumes, and ornaments of Sassanid clothes are apparent in the relief figures of Naqsh-e Rajab. The first and maybe the biggest relief figure on the left is the figure of Shapur l on a horse with nine court dignitaries behind him.

Persepolis

Persepolis

Persepolis; also called Takht-e jamshid, Parseh, Parseh Polis, Hezar Stun, and Chehel Manar; is an ancient city which has been a big ceremonial capital of Achaemenid kings. The founder of Persepolis was Darius the Great.

His son,Xenxes, and his grandson, Artxerxes, expended the complex after him. The palaces coved a 125000 square meters. The architects, artists and experts of Persepolis came from subject nations such as Assyrians, Egyptians, Urartians, Babylonians, Ludians, lonians, Indians, and Sekas. Much information about Achaemeind background and culture were found in the stone inscriptions on the walls of these palaces.

All nations Gateway

 All nations Gateway

The all nation Gateway was called so because delegates from all subject nations came there and then went to the levee Palace. This building consisted of a hall with thick walls, three giant portals, and four tall columns carrying the ceiling. The building was founded by Darius the Great and was completed by Xerxes. The hall is 612.5 square meters, 24.75 meters each side.

The roof has been 18 meters higher than the entrance staircase. In fact, the jags were about 33 meters higher than the surrounding field. The columns were slightly higher than 16.5 meters. Two columns were standing until 1965 and the other one has been reconstructed by pieces of two other broken columns.

Audience Palace (Treasury)

 Audience Palace (Treasury)

Another big Palace on the southeast of Parseh Terrace is called Terrace Palace.it is surrounded by thick walls and is separated from other buildings by a wide street. Another discovered object in this building is Darius’ audience stone relief figure on a black marble. Some slates explain the way the jobs have been managed and the way of payment methods. These slates prove that all workers, even children received their salaries in coins or goods.

Iran Tourism has been affected by many political, social and economic factors in the recent decades. But what is important is that Iran Tourism is growing these days.

Iran Tour Guides, By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists Tourism in Iran annually. However, Tourism in Iran has the potential to have much more visitors.

Iran Travel Agency is very extensive; the magnificent touristic sights and attractions can be found in every corner of the country. You can choose to hike and ski in the Alborz mountains or see the nomadic life in Zagros mountain chain.

A beach trip in south by the Persian Gulf and or in the north by the Caspian Sea could be another choice. But among all major tourist attractions, they are eager to have a deep journey in the pure and rich history and culture of Iran.

Iran Private Tours, Mostly central and western part of Iran are where you can find magnificent monuments that reflects the history of different eras and dynasties.

You can ask us to design an itinerary for you based on your time, interest and budget or you can design and customize your favorite tour to Iran. Whether as a solo traveler or as a couple or in the company of your family and friends, PERSIAPSSENGER can provide you the best Tours to Iran from Australia.

Iran tour packages, Iran is known as a culturally rich country with hundreds of historical monuments that reflect the history and culture of the era they are built in

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Iran Tourism in Shiraz Province (part 1) | persiapassenger