Iran Tourism, Hadish is another palace on the Persepolis terrace. Hadish was a name chosen by Xerxes. Hadish palace was called “palace of Xerxes” for years; however, Alireza Shapur Shahbazi discovered writings on a pier in the upper north eastern corner of a figure above the flywhisk of Xerxes that had the name of king Darius in 1979. He proved that Darius founded the palace and Xerxes completed it.
One Hundred-Column Palace
The second big palace in Persepolis is a grand building on the east of Apadana yard with a central hall having 100 columns (ten rows), hence called one Hundred-Column. Of course, the whole Persepolis was called so in the Sassanid era. The main part is the vast square hall (68.5 by68.5 meters) covering a ground more than 4600 square meters.
Such a big hall was unprecedented in ancient world; the one Hundred-Column hall is bigger than even the central hall of Apadana. The floor is approximately two meters lower than Apadana. Eight gateway, two gateways on each side, connected it to the corridors, antechambers and a portico. There is big yard on the north of the northern portico.
A building consisting of halls, military
storehouses, corridors, and smaller passageways are on the east. There is an
unfished palace exactly resembling the gateway of Artaxerxes on the north of
the yard. There is a long store-like corridor on the north to connect Apadana
and one Hundred-Column yards. A big, 10 meters wide and 90 meters long, street
begins at the Artaxerx-es’ gateway and goes eastwards this street has been
called Sepahiyan Street.
Tripylon is also called “Council Palace” and “Central Palace”. This palace is in the center of Persepolis; and despite its small size, it is decorated by various beautiful stone figures. The Tripylon is on the southeast of Apadana and is connected to many palaces through several paths and staircases.
It leads to Apadana palace on
There stands a giant palace on the northwest of Persepolis area known as Apadana, Darius founded it and Xerxes finished it. Apadana that was the most glorious and the biggest building in Persepolis is about three meters higher than the ground level. It has a big 60.5 by 60.5 meters square hall leading to the sitting rooms and guardrooms on the south and to rectangular porticos on the other sides.
This hall has six rows of six 19.5 meters high columns. They consist of a two-step pedestal and a round fluted stem. They are decorated with floral figures and double-headed bull capitals on top. These columns may be the most beautiful ones in the ancient world. four towers with adobe walls have been built on the four corners of the central hall of Apadana.
Only parts of the eastern towers have survived now. Each tower had a square plan. The walls facing the yard were more than three meters thick and those facing inside the palace were about 2.5 meters thick.
There had been two statues of guardian dogs in black stones in front of each door. Some remains of these statues have been discovered. Each tower has had several floors.The first floor consisted of a corridor leading to three long rooms on one side and to a passageway leading to a stairway on the other side.
The first stairs have been in adobes. They have been 140 centimeters long, 16cms high and 35cms wide. Six stairs of the first floor in the southeastern tower are still healthy.
The first floor consisted of a corridor leading to three long rooms on one side and to a passageway leading to a stairway on the other side. The first stairs have been in adobes. They have been 140 centimeters long, 16cms high and 35cms wide. Six stairs of the first floor in the southeastern tower are still healthy.
Private Palace of Darius (Tachara)
The building on the southwest of Apadana was among the first buildings erected on the Persepolis terrace. It faces south and is mentioned as Tachara in an inscription. This palace is presently called as “Darius’ Palace” or “Tachara”. The stones used in this palace are grey and so polished that faces are reflected there.
Therefore, it is called Ayeneh Khaneh or Mirror Hall, too. Tachara palace is erected on a platform 2.2 to 3 meters higher than the floor of Apadana and the adjacent yard. It has a rectangular plan in a north-south direction. This palace consists of a central hall with 12 columns (four rows) and small lateral rooms, two square rooms on the north each with four columns.
They were confined by the small lateral rooms. The palace has an eight-column hall (four rows) on the south connected to the lateral rooms. There is a double staircase on the south that leads to the southern portico on both sides.
have survived from palace called as H, D, and G by Schmitz, the excavator of
Persepolis. Some of them have not been excavated. The H Palace was on the north
of Hadish. The remaining parts of the H Palace are outlines of some walls and
columns. The only considerable and relief figures on the northern façade. Some
are not sure about the real position of them.
unfinished Gateway stands in the northeastern part opposite the One
Hundred-Column Palace. Artaxerxes lll began the construction and his son,
Artaxerxes IV, continued it. The construction lasted until Darius lll. It seems
that the guests arrived through the staircase and gateway of All-Nation, passed
through the Sepahiyan Street to reach this gateway and headed to the One
Garden of Shiraz was constructed in the Seljuk era and was present during Al-e
lnju, Al-e Muzaffar, and Gurkanian eras. The owners of this garden have been
the governors of the city. This garden has probably been erected by order of
Atabak Qaracheh, Fars governor assigned by Sultan Sanjar the Seljuk. The main
edifice of Eram Garden is now standing in the west of the garden.
Atiq Friday Mosque-Shiraz
Masjid-e Atiq, or Masjid-e Adineh, is the oldest mosque of Shiraz. This mosque was founded 281 AH during the reign of Amr Leith-e Saffari. Later, King lssaq lnju erected a building called Khoday Khaneh, or Dar-ol Mas-haf, which was a place for keeping and reciting holy Quran in the mosque 752.
The stone inscription of Khandeh is a precious specimen of calligraphy. This inscription was written by Yahya Al-Jamali Al-Sufi, the famous calligrapher of King lssaq times.
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Is Iran safe in 2019?
In the recent years ago Iran has been threatened by the US government for starting war. But it never happened. Iran is as safe as it used to be for many years. The statement by the western travelers who have made a visit to Iran previously is a proof to this claim.
There are still many negative propagandas against Iran in the media claiming that Iran is a pro-terrorist country. But who have traveled to Iran in the recent years, are happy for not trusting the fool media.
Can you visit Iran as a tourist?
In spite of what the media specially US media try to show about Iran, the tourism industry in Iran develops frequently. The unique natural and historical attractions call the tourists from all over the world to come to Iran and even make the second and third visit to this country.
Recently many services have been provided for the tourist to make their trip to Iran more comfortable and pleasant. One of the most important of these services is the visa on arrival for many nationalities.
How many tourists go to Iran?
The number of the tourists visiting Iran in different from year to year. The average is around 27000 annually which is increasing by the policies provided by the government for the foreign visitors.
Can you drink in Iran? Do they sell alcohol in Iran?
Drinking alcoholic drinks is totally forbidden in Iran. In no super markets or restaurants, you can find this kind of drinks in Iran.
Bringing the alcohol is also forbidden in the airport and even as a tourist you are not allowed to bring it to Iran.
By the way there are many alternatives. There are many traditional and factory made non-alcoholic drinks that makes you not to miss your drinking habits.
Is Iran Expensive?
By the decreasing value of the Iranian currency, Iran is very reasonable for the foreign tourists specially the Europeans. You can now travel to Iran twice or even three times less expensive compared to 2017.
This does not just mean that you can do better shopping, it also affects your accommodation, your food and even your transportation quality.
What can I Buy in Iran?
The first thing that the foreign tourists tend to buy as the souvenirs for their families and friends are the handicrafts of Iran. Different cloth, dishes and carpets are among the most favorite handicrafts for the visitors.
In addition to the handicrafts, Iran has many delicious sweets in different cities. They are also good gifts for your friends who like sweet things.
What is Iran Best Known for?
2500 years of civilization and culture, powerful history and culture, different climatic areas and hospitality of the people are the most important factors for which Iran is well- known in the world and the tourists enjoy.
In addition to these, untouched rural and natural areas, clean cities and modern urban architecture in the metropolitans are also of great importance.
Can a US Citizen go to Iran?
Although there are many conflicts between Iran and the US the tourism industry in Iran is not affected by the political situation and US citizens are allowed to enter Iran with a visa in hand and with the company of a certified guide or in a formal tour.
What do I wear in Iran?
There is a special dress code for women traveling to Iran. They should cover their bodies and heads although there is no limitation for the color and model. Men are not allowed to wear shorts and sleeveless tops but T-shirts are ok.
For the both groups clothes with the political messages on them are not permitted.
Iran Tourism has been affected by many political, social and economic factors in recent decades. But what is important is that Iran Tourism is growing these days. By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists Tourism in Iran Tour Operator annually. However, Iran Tour Packages has the potential to have much more visitors.
Iran Travel Agency is very extensive; the magnificent touristic sights and attractions can be found in every corner of the country. You can choose to hike and ski in the Alborz mountains or see the nomadic life in the Zagros mountain chain. A beach trip in the south by the Persian Gulf and or in the north by the Caspian Sea could be another choice.
But among all major Iran Tourist Attractions, they are eager to have a deep journey in the pure and rich history and culture of Iran Visa. The most central and western part of Iran is where you can find magnificent monuments that reflect the history of different eras and dynasties. You can ask us to design an itinerary for you based on your time, interest and budget or you can design and customize your favorite trip to Iran.
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