The historical complex of mills and Waterfalls of Shushtar belongs to the Sassanid era and is still healthy after 1500 years. The water structures of Shushtar have been built to exploit the waterpower for mills.
This complex consists of different parts such as mills, waterfalls, canals, aqueducts, and “Sika”- a recreational place. A famous French archeologist has mentioned this area as “the biggest industrial complex before the
Stone Figures of Kul Farah-Izeh
Kul Farah is a valley 7 kilometers northeast of Izeh embracing six Elamite relief figures and some remains of Elamite people in ancient times such as graves, water canals, buildings, and lookout towers on the mounts.
According to the stone inscriptions, this place has been the temple of
Narsina, an Elamite god. “Kul” means “valley” and “Farah” means “happiness”. It
is because in contrary to other unpleasant narrow gorge in the region, it is a
The ancient Valley of Chowgan is 23 kilometers to Kazerun beside the ruins of the historical city of Bishapur and the Shapur River. It is a unique complex of Sassanid remains and carvings. This valley embraces a giant statue of Shapur l with a height of 6 meters in Shapur Cave 800 meters higher than the riverbed in addition to six relief figures of Shapur l, Bahram l
Entering the valley from Bishapur, there are four relief figures on the north and left, and two others on the south and right. The first one depicts the celebration of Shapur l victory over Valerians. Shapur called Iran “the sun of the world” and the only superpower of the world” in the presence of valerian and his commanders and orders to cut the figures of this victory on different mounts. Shapur l is depicted in the center of the figure on a horse.
Tribes and Clans of Iran
Iran is a country populated by different tribes each diving into different tribes each diving into different groups:
- Turkmens: Turkmens are Turk tribes living in Turkmen Sahra region in the eastern plains of Mazandaran and Northern Khorasan provinces neighboring the Turkmenistan Republic borders.
- Kurds: these people speak in Kurdish. Kurd are among the oldest Iranian tribes. They live all over the country; they live all over the country; however, most of them live in Kurdistan, Ilam, Kermanshah, and Luristan Provinces.
- Baluches: Baluch people live in less populated vast deserts in the far southeastern Iran and remote regions on the western Pakistan.
Baluch, literally meaning “wandering”, are among rare Iranian tribes that retained their semi-nomadic life style. They are skillful horsemen and hold famous camel riding races.
- Bakhtiyaries: Bakhtiyari is the name of a big Lur tribe of Iran, known as Lur-e Bozorg, who live in Middle Zagrus. The remote regions of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiyari, and Khuzestan are the residencies of most Bakhtiyaries; however, many of them have settled in villages and cities. Another tribe with independent identity is Kamari Arab. They are Arabs living near Bakhtiyaries and using similar customs and dialects.
- Qashqaees: Qashqaee is another big tribe of Iran (Bakhtiyari is the other one). Most of them live in Fars Province. Some of them still travel between summer and winter homes during the years. Qashqaees are Turk people and follow Shia religion. They are very interesting in their rituals and traditions. Their language is a mixture of Qashqaee Turkish are quite familiar with Persians and speak it fluently.
Them still travel between summer and winter homes during the year. Qashqaee are Turk people and follow Shia religion. They are very interested in their rituals and traditions. Their language is a mixture of Qashqaee Turkish and Persian.
- Lurs: Lurs come from Aryan race mingled with Kashi or Kasit tribes. In the course of time, some groups of Arabs and Turk have mixed with them; however, they have retained their identity. They from two percents of Iran population and live mostly in Luristan and Kermanshah, and to some extent in Hamedan provinces.
- Persians: more than 65 percent of Iran population is from Persian race. They are descendants of Elamite or Aryan races.
- Arabs: nearly 4 percent (2.5 millions) of Iran population are Arabs. Most of them live in Khuzestan Province and in the islands of Persian Gulf.
- Azeries: Azerbaijan is a region in northwest of Iran including provinces of West Azerbaijan, east Azerbaijan, and Ardebil. This region is the main residency of Iranian Azeries. Azeri turks from 25 percent of the population.
Iran Tour guides, By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists travel to Iran annually. However, Iran Tourism has the potential to have much more visitors.
Iran Travel is very extensive; the magnificent touristic sights and attractions can be found in every corner of the country. You can choose to hike and ski in the Alborz mountains or see the nomadic life in Zagros mountain chain.
A beach trip in south by the Persian Gulf and or in the north by the Caspian Sea could be another choice. But among all major tourist attractions, they are eager to have a deep journey in the pure and rich history and culture of Iran.
Iran Private Tours, Mostly central and western part of Iran are where you can find magnificent monuments that reflects the history of different eras and dynasties.
You can ask us to design an itinerary for you based on your time, interest and budget or you can design and customize your favorite tour to Iran. Whether as a solo traveler or as a couple or in the company of your family and friends, PERSIAPSSENGER can provide you the best Tours to Iran from Australia.
Iran tour packages, Iran is known as a culturally rich country with hundreds of historical monuments that reflect the history and culture of the era they are built in. So the most popular tours to Iran for foreign tourists are mostly those that make a journey to culture.
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