Tehran, capital of Iran
Iran Tourism, Tehran is located between a mountainous and a desert region on the southern slopes of Alburz; it has an altitude of 1190. Tehran was a less famous village before Mongol’s invasion governed by Kharazm Shahiyan Dynasty.
Tehran had a pleasant climate due to the 3950-meter peak of Tochal.
The garden and palaces of Gulistan, Sahib Qeraniyeh, Ferdows, Shams-
Gradually, Tehran lost its gardens to achieve a modern civilization instead of pleasant houses and alleys. this 200-year old city has gathered a hugs financial, human, and social wealth since
Contemporary Tehran has become a modern city. Milad Tower,
the sixth high communicative and television tower of the world, with a height
of 435 meter shows off on a hill in koyeh Nasr Neighborhood.
The Gulistan palace has a history as old as King Abbas the Safavid’s (988); however, the zenith of the places was in King Agha Muhammad Khan’s reign.
The Gulistan Place underwent many fundamental ……in King Naseraddin period. He was the first Iranian king who traveled to Europe and he was deeply influenced by what he saw there. This palace has a history intermingled by important political events such as Constitutional Revolution.
Gulistan Palace ageing about 448 years, is a unique live document of Iran Tours history.
The Negar-Khaneh Palace presently consists of two parts: the southern was part of the springhouse of the museum hall and the northern part which was built in Pahlavi ll era. This latter section was assigned to the royal guards.
They were connected in late 1995 and became a gallery. this museum holds some objects previously in the museum-room of King Naseraddin. The Salam Hall has been built to be a museum from the very beginning ; however , it gradually was called the “Salam” hall. The other section is Tala –eAy- eneh (Mirror Hall).
It is known for its beautiful decorations; it is mainly famous for the oil-painting of this hall drawn by Mirza Muhammad Khan Kamal-
National Museum of Iran- Tehran
The National Museum of Iran Tourist Attractions in imam Khomeini Streets is more than 70 years old and holds 300,000 objects and covers more than 20,000 square meters.
It is not only the biggest archeology museum
The oldest objects in the Ancient Iran Hall date from different Paleolithic periods. The oldest objects in this part have been discovered in the Basin of Kashaf Rud River.
They are more than a million years old. There are some
attractive objects belonging to Mesolithic and Neolithic ages between 200,000
and 10,000 years old. The statue of Darius, capitals of Persepolis, and the
Achaemenid stone lion are exhibited in this museum.
Cultural-Historical Complex of Sa’d Abad-Tehran
The cultural and historical complex of Sa’d Abad covers a 110 hectares ground in Tochal hillsides and the green valley of Darband in a pleasant region of northern Tehran.
This complex, which has eight entrances, was a summer residency of kings in Qajar and Pahlavi eras. Today, 20 edifices and Palaces have survived from Qajar and Pahlavi eras in the complex. The White Palace (Mellat Palace-museum) is the biggest Palace in the complex. It is called so because of the white façade of the building.
This Palace was an official and ceremonial Palace and also the summer residence of the king and the queen. The museum of “Nations Arts”, which is part of the cultural Palace-museum of Mellat, has originally been the art museum of Farah Pahlavi.
The objects of the museum date from per-Islamic, Islamic civilizations, and Africa, India, Far East, Maya arts as well as contemporary arts of Iran and the worlds.
The private Palace, previously the museum of natural history, belongs to the president office now. The Asvad (black) Palace, now the museum of fine arts, is
The Palace was called black due to the black marbles used in the building. Nowadays, many beautiful paintings in different styles and schools are exhibited in all three floors of the Palace.
These painting include works of Iranian painters such as Kamal-ol Mulk, Suhrab Sepehri, Hussein Mahjobi, and Hussein Zendeh Rudi as well as artists from other countries like Salvador Dali, John Friedrich Herring and Peter Graham.
Shams Palace, or the Museum of Art and people, belonged to Shams Pahlavi. The architecture of the Palace is a combination of European and Iranian style.
The Palace was built by order of Reza Khan for his twin sister, Ashraf Pahlavi. Later, the interior of the Palace was decorated in French style by foreign artists and the façade, which was in cut stones was faced by white marbles.
Presently, this Palace is a museum of “Royal Dishes’’. The Gholamreza Palace WHICH IS THE Museum of court Weapons. The Palace of Queen Mother, museum of Mir Emad, Master Farshchiyan, and Omidvar Brothers are other Palaces in this complex.
Mounts of Iran
Iran, having more than 390 mounts higher than 2000 meters and 92 ones higher than 4000 meters, is among countries of high altitude, Damavand in Alburz Mountains is the highest mounts of Iran.
It is mentioned in many historical and literary texts. This extinct volcano is about 5610 meters high. Sabalan peak, 4850 meters high, is in Ardebil Province.
Many craters and hot springs are some features of Sabalan. Alamkuh, like Sabalan with a height of 4850 meters, is the second-high mount of the count