Iran Tourism in the Cities of the North

January 18, 2019 persiap2 No comments exist

Northern Iran

Iran Tourism, The Caspian Sea, considered as “the biggest lake of the world” or “the smallest independent sea on the globe”, is the largest inland body of water. This sea has several important shipping routers.

Three coastal provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran, and Gulistan, covering nearly 3.7 percent of the country, are the most important tectonic phenomenon of Alburz coastal mountains. The mount that cover the coasts of Iran are separated from the coast by some big faults.

The Caspian Sea is a quite rich food reservoir with 850 marine creature species and more than 500 types of plants. Therefore, it is not only a rich fishery resource but also the main source of caviar in the world.

Beautiful sceneries of northern Iran have always attracted many travelers especially in Nowruz. The economy of the region is mainly dependant on agriculture, livestock, gardening, beekeeping, fishery, and handicrafts. The produces are rice, tea, tobacco, and oranges.

Some tourist attractions of the region are Valasht Lake, Sisangan Natural Park, Anzali Lagoon, and Qal’e Rudkhan Castle. Some handicrafts of the northern proinces of Iran are Bambobafi, Kilim, and Basketry. The souvenirs of northern Iran are different pickles, jams, olive, and pies.

Masuleh

Masuleh

the historical town of Masuleh is one of beautiful small towns with terrace architecture in Gilan Province 35 kilometers west of Fuman near the roaring river of Masuleh Rudkhan.

The unique architectural pattern of Masuleh which formed in Zend era is as follow: the yard of the upper house is the roof of the lower one. Bazaar of Masuleh, which is the trading center of the city, is a roofless market in several floors viewing the forest.

Masuleh covers a 100-hectare land and is conserved by Cultural Heritage and Natural Resources Organization.

New Year Celebration(Nowruz)   

New Year Celebration(Nowruz)

Nowruz is the first day of Farvardin. The celebration for new year was one of the oldest ceremonies of ancient Iran. Cyrus the Great announced Nowruz as the national celebration in 538 BC.

Nowruz is the first day of the New Year in the Iran and Afghanistan.It is holiday in these countries. Spring-cleaning, laying the Hafts-in cloth, and visiting elder relatives and gifting are in these days.

Avicenna

Avicenna

Avicenna, the Iranian physician and poet, the most famous philosopher and scientist of Iran is mainly known for his writing on Aristotle philosophy and medicine. His book “Al Qanon Fet-teb” (rules in medicine) is one of most famous historical books on medicine. He died in Hamedan in 1037 AD.

Metropolis of Tabriz

Metropolis of Tabriz

Tabriz is one of big cities of Iran and the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. It is the official, connecting, trading, political, industrial, cultural a military center of northwestern Iran.

It enjoyed its Zenith in the ll-Khanid era. Tabriz has been the capitals of Aqqoyonlu, Qaraqoynlu, and Safavid dynasties, and the birthplace of Constitutional revolution. Tabriz is the birthplace

 Of many great people such as Shams-e Tabriz, Hamam-e Tabriz, Shahriyar, and many other famous mystics of Iran.

Kabud Mosque-Tabriz

Kabud Mosque-Tabriz

Kabud or “Jahanshah” Mosque is a historical building of Tabriz which, according to the inscription on the portal, was built in 870 AH (1465) in the reign of Sultan Jahanshah, the most powerful king of Qaraqoyonlu dynasty, by order of his daughter.

The original building consisted of some adjacent spaces such as seminary, bath, abbey, and library. Unfortunately, only some parts of the Mosque are available now.

The variety and delicacy of tile works, and various calligraphic styles used in the building and especially the azure mosaic tiles have gained the name of “Firuzeh-ye Islam” (Turquoise of Islam) to it.The tile works of the astonishingly high portal of the Mosque have attracted most tourists and archeologists.

The tile works of the astonishingly high portal of the Mosque have attracted most tourists and archeologists.

Sahib-ol Amr Mosque-Tabriz

Sahib-ol Amr Mosque-Tabriz

King Tahmaseb I ordered a year of his reign. This building became the museum of handwriting and calligraphy of Tabriz in 2001. It periods and beautiful calligraphies.

In addition, this museum has various hard paper pen cases. The most precious object of the collection is a sheet of Quran a piece of deerskin attributed to imam Reza (AS).

Bazarchehs of Tabriz

Bazarchehs of Tabriz

Amir Bazaar is one of most important and prosperous bazaars of Tabriz. Bazaar of Sadeqiyeh has been a market for handmade carpets since many years ago. Haj Rahim Timcheh and Shahzadeh Sara are famous Timchehs and Saras of this bazaar.

Husseini and Sha’r Bafan are important Timchehs of Abachi Bazaar. The carpet market of Tabriz, known as Muzaffariyeh Bazaar, is one of historical remains of Tabriz. This bazaar was constructed in King Muzaffar-eddin period.

Historical Bazaar of Tabriz

Historical Bazaar of Tabriz

Bazaar of Tabriz, covering seven square kilometers and being one kilometer long, is one of the biggest and most important roofed bazaars of Iran and Asia. This bazaar was registered as the first bazaar of the world in the UNESCO world Heritage Site in 2010. It has many bazarchehs, Timchehs, Saras, and caravanserais.

The bazaar is in form of two roofed north-south and east-west Rastehs (alleys). The dome of Timcheh-ye Amir stands in the middle of the complex. Timcheh-ye Muzaffariyeh is the most beautiful part of the complex. Being located at the intersection of the Silk Road and being visited by many caravans form different countries, Tabriz and its bazaar enjoyed high prosperity.

The bazaar was reconstructed by the governor of Tabriz, Najaf Khan Danbali, after the earthquake in 1193 AH. Present bazaar belongs to the late Zand and the Qajar eras. Many tourists such as lbn Battutah, Marco Polo, yaqut al-Hemavi, and Jean Chardin have admired the prosperity and grandeur of this bazaar.

Qareh Kelisa

Qareh Kelisa

Qareh Kelisa or Saint Tatavous Monastery, belonging to the seventh and twelfth century AD, sits 20 kilometers northeast of Chalduran City. It is the mausoleum of Tatavous, a gospel of Jesus the Christ.

It is registered in the World Heritage Site because of its unique architecture. The best time for visiting this building is from May to September.

Kandovan Village-Usku

Kandovan Village-Usku

Kandovan Village sits on the green slopes of Sultan Daghi Mount 18 Kilometers south of Usku in East Azerbaijan. The traditional and ancient houses of Kandovan are unique in the country. Some researches attribute these houses to the seventh century AH, Mongol’s invasion.

These houses are locally called “Giran” or “Keran”. The buildings have rock architecture in from of cones with two to four floors. The floors are not connected from inside and the windows are usually in the upper floors.

The Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi-eddin Ardebili

The Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi-eddin Ardebili

The complex of the Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi is located in the center of the city of Ardebil. It is known as the most perfect Mausoleum complex of the world due to special initiative architectural spaces. The Mausoleum has the most excellent mosaic tile works, vaults, and stucco works of precious inscriptions with calligraphies of great artists in Safavid era.

It was erected in 735 AH by order of his son, Sheikh Sadr-eddin Musa. The dominant decorative element of the building is the Kufic scripts on the walls repeating the holy name of the God.

iran tour guide, By the development of the media, Iran is now well known in western countries and lots of tourists travel to Iran annually. However, travel to iran has the potential to have much more visitors.

Iran Private Tour, Mostly central and western part of Iran are where you can find magnificent monuments that reflects the history of different eras and dynasties.

source: wikipedia.org, goldeniran.com , youtube.com , intrepidtravel.com , irantravelingcenter.com

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