Persian Travel Agency in orange county
In this article, we have Saadi talking about Iran and about the generalities of tourism and Iran Travel Agency. Iran has a vast land area of 1.648,000 square kilometers and is located in the southwest of Asia, between Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, Turkey and Iraq in the west. The entire southern boundary of Iran is surrounded by the Gulf and Oman Sea. The total land borders of Iran are 5170 km, and its total water borders in the north and south are 2510 km. Iran is located in the heart of the Middle East, and as the Polar seaside of Mazandaran, the most beautiful lake, connects the world to the Persian Gulf, as well as the four-way east and west linking the cultural, spiritual and political manifestations of the East and West.
The country is among the top 5 countries in the world due to climate and biological diversity, and is historically and culturally among the top 10 countries in the world. In other words, in terms of tourist attractions, our country is one of the top 10 countries in the world.
Sarsan Spring, Anares, Pistachio Gardens, Tabriz Range, Kish Native Caravans in different chapters of nursing nights, rocks, mountains, posts and endless heights, silent and snow-covered volcanoes, forest Dense, Alborz mountains and the banks of the Mazandaran Sea are one of the most beautiful and unforgettable landscapes of Iran’s nature that give them a unique memory in the minds of tourists. The face of Iran’s plains and hammams varies in different times, when it is full of sand and rock, sometimes flood-covered, and sometimes covered with snow and flowers and fluffy or full of flowers and plants.
One of the important characteristics of the land of Iran, which is very important in terms of tourism, is the existence of high-rise mountains, plains, plain plains, desert areas, rivers and lakes, which has caused, at any time of year, In each corner of it, one of the four seasons can be seen in winter, in the good and calm sea of the south to the water sports such as swimming and skiing on the water and at the same time in the mountains of the north and west of the country, to winter sports Like skating and mountaineering, at the same time, in many cities across the Caspian Sea, it was used for the pleasant spring air. The banks of the Caspian Sea are in the form of a spectacular barrier between the Caspian Sea and the Alborz Mountains, covered with beautiful and massive forests. Persian Gulf shores, part of which are mountainous rocks, and other parts of it are sandy and swampy, are not a northern northern border. The southern provinces of Iran, especially Khuzestan, which is part of the vast Mesopotamia plain, are very smooth and flat and are located at a slight elevation of sea level. If a tourist travels through the northern or western mountains of Iran, he will find settlements, villages, gardens and lawns that will surprise him. The high altitude of the Iranian plateau from the sea level and the presence of more land at altitudes above 1000 meters is another important feature of the land of Iran. The vast and tall mountain range of the Alborz from the north, the Zagros Mountains from the west and the mountain range from Khorasan to Balochistan, have surrounded Iran from the east. If a tourist travels through the northern or western mountains of Iran, he will find settlements, villages, gardens and lawns that will surprise him. The high altitude of the Iranian plateau from the sea level and the presence of more land at altitudes above 1000 meters is another important feature of the land of Iran. The vast and tall mountain range of the Alborz from the north, the Zagros Mountains from the west and the mountain range from Khorasan to Balochistan, have surrounded Iran from the east. If a tourist travels through the northern or western mountains of Iran, he will find settlements, villages, gardens and lawns that will surprise him. The high altitude of the Iranian plateau from the sea level and the presence of more land at altitudes above 1000 meters is another important feature of the land of Iran. The vast and tall mountain range of the Alborz from the north, the Zagros Mountains from the west and the mountain range from Khorasan to Balochistan, have surrounded Iran from the east.
The most important peaks of Iran are Damavand in northeastern Tehran with a height of 5671 m, Sabalan in the west with a height of 4880 m, Sahand in south of Tabriz with a height of 3707 m, Takht Solaiman in Mazandaran center with a height of 4820 m, Zardkuh in Bakhtiari with The height of 4550 meters, Dena in the north of Yasuj with a height of 4309 meters, Taftan in the south of Zahedan with a height of 3941 meters, and dozens of other peaks spread across the entire Iran. The complexity and variety of calcareous formations have created numerous caves in different provinces, especially in Azerbaijan, Kurdistan and Hamedan, which are considered by many tourists visiting Iran to visit these caves. The mountains of Iran belong to the third part of geology, and some of them have caused the formation of hot and mineral water springs with volcanic origin. The mountains of Iran have created very favorable conditions for winter and mountain sports. The famous deserts of Iran, including the plains of Lut and Plain Kavir, have spread over 360,000 square kilometers, and are still considered interesting from unknown areas. Iran is known for more than 500 hot springs and hot springs, all of which are used to provide drinking water and health and sanitation, one of the most important sources of tourism income. Most of these springs are located in the mountains of Alborz, Azarbaijan and Zagros, and some of them are located near Isfahan, Mashhad and Bandar Abbas. Sarein mineral water springs in Ardebil, hot water in Larijan on the slopes of Alborz, as well as in the mineral waters of Mahallat. Considering that there have been significant measures in terms of tourism development, in the summer thousands of people are being used for therapeutic purposes And entertain themselves. The southern sides of the Caspian Sea are a green area with forest-covered slopes. The height of these sides is 28 meters from the sea level. These banks are considered to be the most beautiful parts of Iran with sandy beaches and pleasant landscapes. The lanes and islands of southern Iran, especially in cold seasons, have a significant natural attraction. The domains of the Alborz and Zagros mountains and the riverside bed of Iran are the symbol of the fountains and also the source of the emergence of lakes and tourism values.
The system of the Islamic Republic of Iran is the current Iranian government, which after the victory of the Iranian revolution in 1357 and on April 12, 1358, during a referendum with a yes vote of 98.2% of the participants was formed.
Following the overthrow of the Persian Empire during the Iranian revolution in 1979, a solar revolution led by Rouhollah Khomeini, the Islamic Republic of Iran, was formed. This government was voted on April 12, 1358, with 98.2% of the respondents giving it a positive vote. Against the Iranian constitution, the principles of the Islamic Republic of Iran are based on “republicanism and Islamism”.
The political structure of Iran includes the following individuals and legal entities. The leader is at the head of the power pyramid. Following the leader of the political structure of the Islamic Republic on the basis of three executive branches, the judiciary is a municipality. In addition to these institutions, the Assembly of Experts, the Guardian Council and the Expediency Council are also present.
Iran in the east with Afghanistan and Pakistan; in the northeast with Turkmenistan; in the northern middle part with the Caspian Sea; in the northwest with the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia; in the west with Turkey and Iraq; and finally in the south by the waters of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, neighbors. .
From the north, the natural view of Iran is limited to the Atrak river, the Caspian Sea and the Aras River, from the east to the Hindu Kush mountains and the western valleys of the Sind Valley, from the west to the western slopes of the Zagros Mountains and the rivers of Arvandrood and south to the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea. More than half of Iran is desert and semi-desert. About a third of Iran is mountainous, and a small part of Iran (including the southern plain of the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan plain) is also composed of fertile plains. The highest mountain in Iran is Damavand (5671 m). From the geographic point of view, the westernmost city of Iran is Chislachi; the eastern city of Jalq, the northernmost city of Parsabad, and the southernmost city of Chabahar.
Iran was divided into four states: Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Fars, Kerman and Balochistan, and 10 provinces (apart from the states), according to the State Segmentation Act (adopted in 1286). These divisions remained the same until the year 1316, with small changes.
In 1316, with the adoption of a new law on divisions, Iran was divided into 10 provinces and 49 cities. Over time, with the creation of new provinces, the number of provinces in Iran increased. For a long time after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, Iran still has 24 provinces. In 1372, the province of Ardabil separated from East Azarbaijan province. Also Qom province was separated from Tehran in 1995 and Qazvin was separated from Zanjan province in 1994 and it was converted to Qazvin Province in 1997. After that, Golestan was separated from Mazandaran. In 2004, Khorasan province was divided into three provinces: South Khorasan, North Khorasan, and Khorasan Razavi. On December 4, 2010, Tehran province was divided into two provinces of Tehran and Alborz. Thus, Iran now consists of 31 provinces.
The current capital of Tehran is Tehran, and the capital of Iran should be transferred from Tehran to another location by 1404 Hijri in accordance with the Land Exemption Plan approved by the Expediency Council in 2009.
Iran is one of the most unique in terms of weather. The difference in winter temperature between the hottest and coldest points sometimes reaches more than 50 ° C.
The hottest ground in 2004 and 2005 was at a point in Iran’s Lut desert.
Iran is semi-arid and dry in terms of precipitation.
Iran’s climate is influenced by several systems:
The Siberian high-pressure system, which cuts down the temperature by falling to the southern latitudes in the northern barrage of rain and snow and reducing the temperature, and elsewhere.
The Mediterranean rainwater system, which enters Iran from the west, causes rain or snow in many parts of the western, middle and eastern parts of Iran.
South low pressure system that rains in the south and southwest bar.
The rainfall in Iran is very variable. In the north it reaches more than 2113 millimeters (Rasht, 2004). In desert areas, rainfall is mostly very low and about 15 mm. Precipitation of the northwest and west, the southern slopes of the Alborz and northeast are somewhat remarkable (about 500 mm). In other places, rainfall is not greater than 200 mm. Iran is struggling with dehydration problems. It is expected that Iran will be in a state of tension in 2025.
The difference in air temperature in Iran is high. While in winter, the temperature of Shahr-e-Kord reaches 30 degrees at night, Ahwazis experience summer weather (50 degrees). The weather of the northern coast is warm and humid in the summer and temperate in the winter. The northwest and west regions of the temperate, cold winters and southern regions of the summer are very hot and moderate winters.
Recent genetic research by Maziar Ashrafian Bonab shows that the general population of Iranians living in Iran today (and even beyond the current political borders of Iran), although they have minor cultural differences and sometimes even speak different languages, have The genetic roots are common, and this common root originates from an early population that resides in the southwestern part of Iran’s plateau, about ten to eleven thousand years ago. According to this report, the Aryans are migrants from other lands, which were about four thousand years ago to Iran They did not emigrate, but these people The indigenous inhabitants of Iran were from Iran and emigrated to Europe about ten thousand years ago.
Historical background of civilization in Iran reaches the civilizations in Elam, burnt city, Jiroft, and … But the beginning of Iranian political history dates back to the beginning of the reign of the Iranian kingdom in Med. The Persian Empire was the Imam of Iran, and therefore it is considered as the beginning of the Iranian monarchy.
Iran today has many tribes including: Farsi, Azeri, Kurdish, Lor, Bakhtiari, Baloch, Mazandaran, Gilak, Qashqai, Arab, Lak, Taleshi, Turkmen, Khalaj, Assyri, Keldani, Mandaea (Sabi), Tat, Georgian, Sistani , Armenian, and Jewish.
There are about 75 languages and dialects in Iran. The largest linguistic groups in Iran are Farsi, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkmen, Gilaki, Mazandaran, Khalaji, Taleshi, Lori, Bakhtiyari, Arabic, Baluchi, Laki, Dilami, Tati, Armenian, Assyrian, Mandaean, Georgian, Hebrew, Chaldin and others.
So far, none of the Iranian census has raised questions about ethnic and linguistic affiliations. Of course, this question was raised in the census questionnaire of 1365, but due to political considerations, it was not possible to collect information about it. However, research and estimates have been made on the ethnic and linguistic combination of the country. One of these investigations is to be sampled by the State Registry Office in August 1991, which questioned the women who came to the birth registry offices to obtain their children’s birth certificates. A total of 49, 558 mothers, 46.2% in Persian, 20.6% in Azeri, 10% in Kurdish, 8.9% in Lori, 7.2% in Northern, 3.5% in Arabic, 2.7% to Balochi, 0.6% to Turkmen, 0.1% to Armenians and 0.2% to other languages. Similar to the survey in 1994, the same results were achieved.
The linguistic composition of the Iranian population is based on the CIA’s Factbook 53% of Farsi and Persian dialects, 18% of Turkish and other Turkish dialects, 10% Kurdish, 7% Gilaki and Mazandarani, 6% Lori, 2% Baluchi, 2% Arabic and 2 % Other languages.
The official language of Iran is Farsi. Persian is one of the languages of the Indian and European branches. According to the fifteenth principle of the Iranian Constitution, textbooks should be in this language and line, but the use of local and ethnic languages in the press and mass media and teaching their literature in schools is free alongside Persian language.
Other rituals have also become popular in some periods, such as the religion of Mazdak, Manic, and pre-Islamic Christianity. In the past 500 years, after the formation of the Safavid government, it has always been the Shi’a official religion of Iran. Based on the results of the general census of population and housing in 2011, 75, 149, 669 people were counted for religion, 38.9% / 0.01% (8, 756), nulliparous, 0.03% (25, 271 people), Zoroastrians, 0.07% (49, 101 people), other religions and 35.0% (265, 899 people) were unregistered. Is.  External estimates of the Iranian population are 89% Shia, 9%, 2% Christian, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Baha’i and followers of other religions, which are slightly different from official statistics.